|Diwali / Deepavali|
Rangoli decorations, made using coloured powder, are popular during Diwali
|Observed by||Hindus, Sikhs, Jains and Buddhists|
|Type||Indian, Cultural, Seasonal|
|Begins||Dhanteras, 2 days before Diwali|
|Ends||Bhai Dooj, 2 days after Diwali|
|Date||Varies per Hindu Lunisolar calendar|
|2015 date||11 November (Wednesday)
10 November (Tuesday) in South India
30 October (Sunday)-- North India29 October (South India)
|2017 date||21 October (Saturday)|
|Celebrations||Diya and lighting, home decoration, shopping, fireworks, puja (prayers), gifts, performing religious rituals, feast and sweets|
|Related to||Kali Puja, Diwali (Jainism), Bandi Chhor Divas|
Diwali (Deepawali or Dipawali) is India's big festival. Diwali means rows of lighted lamps. It is a festival of lights and all Indian Hindus celebrate it joyfully. In this festival, people light up their houses and shops. During this festival, people worship Lord Ganesh for good welfare and prosperity and people also worship goddess Lakshmi for wealth and wisdom.
This festival is celebrated in the Hindu month of Kartik which falls sometime during the October or November months. It is celebrated to mark the return of Lord Ram from 14 years of exile and his victory over the demon Ravan. In many parts of India Diwali is celebrated for five consecutive days and is one of the most popular festivals in India. Hindus alike regard it as a celebration of life and use the occasion to strengthen family and relationships. For Hindus it is one of the most important festivals, and in some parts of India it marks the beginning of the new year. It is celebrated by letting off fireworks by children to really light up the whole of India. It is celebrated not only in India but also abroad. The Hindus worship the god Ganesh during Diwali.For sikhs it is an vital festival . In this day sikhs guru Hargobind singh ji goten from Jwalliar's prison
Firecrackers, which use sulphur and paper, put sulphur dioxide and charcoal into the air so crackers are now forbidden in silent zones i.e. near hospitals, schools and courts.
Hindus light up their homes and shops, to welcome the goddess of wealth and fortune, Lakshmi to welcome her in to give them good luck for the year ahead.Diwali or Deepawali means a row or collection of lamps. A few days before Ravtegh, which is the day before Diwali, houses, buildings, shops and temples arc thoroughly cleaned, white-washed and decorated with pictures, toys and flowers. They look as beautiful as a newly, wedded girl. Beautiful pictures are hung on the walls and everything is tip-top. On the Diwali day, people put on rich clothes and move about in a holiday mood. People exchange greetings and gifts or sweets on this day.
At night, buildings are illuminated with earthen lamps, candle-sticks and electric bulbs. The city presents a bright and colourful sight. Sweets and toy shops are tastefully decorated to attract the passers-by. The bazaars and-streets are overcrowded. People buy sweets for their own families and also send them as presents to their friends and relatives. People often wish each other with Happy Diwali Quotess and other greetings for the betterment. Children explode crackers. At night, Goddess Laxmi, the goddess of wealth, is worshiped in the form of earthen images and silver rupee. People believe that on this day, Hindu Goddess Laxmi enters only those houses which are neat and tidy. People offer prayers for their own health, wealth and prosperity. They let the light on so that Goddess Laxmi may find no difficulty in finding her way in and smile upon them.