Documents on the Persian Gulf's name

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Documents on the Persian Gulf's name the eternal heritage ancient time is a book and atlas written and compiled by Dr. M. Ajam. It was published first on 2004. A second edition was published under the supervision of Dr. Pirouz Mojtahedzadeh and Dr.M. Ganji in 2009. The book was chosen as a candidate to receive prize of the book of the year 2010 in Iran. the book was considered among the best books in the last 50 years on Persian Gulf issues in Iran. A documentary film titled Persian Gulf Name in the Course of History has been filmed, mainly based on this book. Part of the book has published in the website the UNGEGN.[1] The book has 6 chapters.

Persian Empire Abraham Ortelius
Middle east
UN Persian Gulf

Chapter one[change | change source]


The first chapter covers geographical and political issues of the Persian Gulf, historical recorded documents on the "Persian Gulf" name, the recent Persian Gulf naming dispute, and the 3 Islands.

1-1 The records and description the Persian Gulf by early Travelers and Geographers, including written description by Muslim travelers and European geographers.

Record the 300 historians, travelers and geographers of The Middle Ages, especially those writing in Arabic and Persian from the 9th to the 15th century.

Chapter two[change | change source]

Saudi map of Persian Gulf
a street in cairo Persian gulf

Some of the most important historical atlases of the Persian gulf and the regions are as: 1- Atlas The Arabian Peninsula in Old European Maps (253 maps) by Khaled Al Ankary, Institute du Monde Arabe,Paris and Tunisia University,2001 all 253 maps of this atlas have been printed in color and 3 languages and have the correct name of Persian gulf.

Chapter three[change | change source]

Focus first on the controversy between Iran and Arab countries and how it developed Mentions other names used by other countries and throughout history.

  • part one: page 142-155 . viewpoints Arabs.
  1. Arabs countries around the gulf have the right to name it according to what fit to them.
  2. Pliny the Elder, Natural History (Pliny) had mentioned it as Persian gulf or Arabian gulf?

part 2 page 170-216 .view points those defending no change in geographical names.

  1. A. Historical & geographical facts and 2500 years continuous use of the term in all languages.
  2. B. Contracts and legal and geographical facts in Arabic texts.
  3. C. UN and International Organizations[1]
  4. Circular No. CAB/1/87/63 dated 16.02.1987 of Managing Director of UNESCO.
  5. ST/CSSER/29 dated Jan. 10, 1990.
  6. AD/311/1/GEN dated March 5, 1991.
  7. ST/CS/SER.A/29/Add.1 dated Jan. 24, 1992.
  8. ST/CS/SER.A/29/Add.2 dated Aug. 18, 1994.
  9. ST/CS/SER.A/29/Rev.1 dated May 14, 1999.
  10. 2008 ,4 آوریل UN. Department of Economic and Social Affairs(DESA)

persian gulf.sinus persicus.percy golf. pars sea

Chapter four[change | change source]

British control[change | change source]

colonialist time of controlling Persian gulf . Portuguese, Netherlands and British. For about 200 years, from 1763 until 1971, the United Kingdom kept some control over some of the Persian Gulf lands. The lands were current states of the United Arab Emirates and at various times Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, and Qatar.

Chapter five[change | change source]

Chapter six[change | change source]

  • Documents,Maps and Pictures on the museums and archives.

Related pages[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

  1. United Nations Group of Experts on Geographical Names Working Paper No. 61, 23rd Session, Vienna, 28 March – 4 April 2006. Retrieved October 9, 2010.

Other websites[change | change source]