Dominican people (Dominican Republic)

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Dominicans
Dominicanos
Flag of the Dominican Republic.svg
Total population
13 million
Regions with significant populations
 Dominican Republic9,447,103 (2017)[1]
 United States1,873,097 (2015)[2]
 Spain200,000 (2015 census)[3][4][5][3]
 Puerto Rico68,000 (2010)[6]
 Haiti45,000[7]
 Italy43,000 (2017)[8]
 Chile9,270[9]
 Curaçao6,300[7]
 Austria2,942[10]
Languages
Spanish
Religion
Predominantly Roman Catholic;
Protestant
Related ethnic groups
Spanish · Portuguese · Canarians · Africans · Arabs · Amerindians · French · Germans · Italians · Jews · Levantines · Latin Americans

Dominicans (Spanish: Dominicanos) are inhabitants or citizens of the Dominican Republic. The Dominican Republic is a multi-ethnic country in the Caribbean basin which is home to people of many different racial, ethnic, national and cultural backgrounds which has often become a great pride for many Dominicans.

The people and the race[change | change source]

It is estimated that some 894,000 enslaved Africans were brought to Dominican Republic between 1717 and 1870 (and more before 1717). The slaves came from various West African regions, but the majority came from primarily the Congo region (present-day Angola, Congo, Gabon, and Cameroon) and the gold coast/Guinean (present-day Ghana and Guinea).

In addition, many immigrants arrived from other places around the world. After the last smuggled slave ship that arrived in 1898, many Chinese people came to the island due to the Chinese Revolution, along with the Arabs of North Africa (Morocco or Algeria) and Indians. Immigration from Europe, most notably Spaniards, Italians and Germans occurred during the later parts of the nineteenth century into the beginning of the twentieth century, mostly settling in Santo Domingo and in rural areas in the Cibao valley alike. During World War II, the Dominican Republic became the only nation to take in Jewish refugees by orders from then president Rafael Leonidas Trujillo. Nearly 800 German and Austrian Jews settled in the town of Sosua, Puerto Plata.

Today, much of the contemporary Dominican population is largely Mulatto. The Dominican Republic itself is 73% Mulatto, 16% White and 11% Black. Studies have indicated that up to 15% of all Dominicans carry maternal Taino-Arawak lineage, figures which are higher in rural areas. Other studies often indicate that the average Dominican is 53% European (mostly Spanish), 39% Sub-Saharan African and 8% Taino-Arawak, but these figures also vary by region as the Black race is the predominant race in the southern and coastal regions of the country.

References[change | change source]

  1. (in Spanish) 2ª Encuesta Nacional de Inmigrantes (ENI-2017). Santo Domingo: Oficina Nacional de Estadística. April 2018. ISBN 978-9945-8888-0-5. 
  2. U.S. Census Bureau 2015 American Community Survey B03001 1-Year Estimates HISPANIC OR LATINO ORIGIN BY SPECIFIC ORIGIN, Factfinder.census.gov, retrieved September 20, 2013
  3. 3.0 3.1 "El Nuevo Diario - Los dominicanos en el exterior".
  4. "Unos 40 mil dominicanos viven en situación difícil en España".
  5. INE 2009
  6. "Dominican Immigrants in Puerto Rico".
  7. 7.0 7.1 "Dominicans". Joshua Project.
  8. "Dominican Immigrants in the United States".
  9. "Extranjeros en Chile superan el millón 110 mil y el 72% se concentra en dos regiones: Antofagasta y Metropolitana" (in Spanish). El Mercurio. 2018-04-09.
  10. AUSTRIA, STATISTIK. "Bevölkerungsstruktur". www.statistik.at.