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Gray tree frog (Dryophytes versicolor)
Scientific classification Edit this classification
Domain: Eukaryota
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Amphibia
Order: Anura
Family: Hylidae
Subfamily: Hylinae
Genus: Dryophytes
Fitzinger, 1843

See text

Dryophytes is a genus of tree frogs in the family Hylidae. Most of the frogs live in North America, but some live in eastern Asia.[1]

Description[change | change source]

All frogs in Dryophytes are small and can climb trees. Most of them are green or gray in color. They have disks on the ends of their toes for climbing. The disks help them stick to the trees as they climb.[1][2]

Habitat[change | change source]

These tree frogs live in wetlands and in forests where the seasons change. They live on the ground and in trees.[3]

Taxonomy[change | change source]

Scientists have changed their minds about whether this is its own genus and how these frogs are related to other frogs:

Fitzinger first described (formally wrote about) this genus in 1843.[4] In 1882 scientist George Albert Boulenger, moved it to the genus Hyla, the true tree frogs.[4] In 2014 Fouquette and Dubois wrote that Dryophytes was a subgenus inside Hyla.[4] In 2016, William E. Duellman and his team wrote that scientists should start using Dryophytes as its own genus again.[1][4][5][6]

The true difference between frogs in Dryophytes and Hyla is where they live. Scientists do not think they have important differences in their bodies. Hyla frogs live in the Old World, which is Africa and Eurasia, and most Dryophytes frogs live in the New World, which is the Americas.

Only three Dryophytes frogs live anywhere but North America: D. immaculata, D. japonica, and D. suweonensis live in Asia.[1]

Species[change | change source]

The genus Dryophytes has 20 species of frogs in it.[1][7]

Pine Barrens tree frog (Dryophytes andersonii)
American green tree frog (Dryophytes cinereus)
Mountain Treefrog, (Dryophytes eximius), Municipality of Gómez Farías, Tamaulipas, Mexico (27 May 2005).
Binomial name and author Common name
Dryophytes andersonii (Baird 1854) Pine Barrens tree frog
Dryophytes aboricola (Taylor, 1941) Arboreal tree frog
Dryophytes arenicolor (Cope, 1866) Canyon tree frog
Dryophytes avivocus (Viosca, 1928) Bird-voiced tree frog
Dryophytes bocourti (Mocquard, 1899) Bocourt's tree frog
Dryophytes chrysoscelis (Cope, 1880) Cope's gray tree frog
Dryophytes cinereus (Schneider, 1799) American green tree frog
Dryophytes euphorbiaceus (Günther, 1858) Southern highland tree frog
Dryophytes eximius (Baird 1854) Mountain tree frog
Dryophytes femoralis (Daudin, 1800) Pine woods tree frog
Dryophytes flaviventris (Borzée and Min, 2019) Yellow-bellied tree frog
Dryophytes gratiosus (LeConte, 1856) Barking tree frog
Dryophytes immaculatus (Boettger, 1888) Spotless tree toad
Dryophytes japonicus (Günther, 1859) Japanese tree frog
Dryophytes plicatus (Brocchi, 1877) Ridged tree frog
Dryophytes squirellus (Daudin, 1800) Squirrel tree frog
Dryophytes suweonensis (Kuramoto, 1980) Suweon tree frog
Dryophytes versicolor (LeConte, 1825) Gray tree frog
Dryophytes walkeri (Stuart, 1954) Walker's tree frog
Dryophytes wrightorum (Taylor, 1939) Wright's mountain tree frog

References[change | change source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 Duellman, William; et al. (19 April 2016). "Phylogenetics, classification, and biogeography of the treefrogs (Amphibia: Anura: Arboranae)". Zootaxa. 4104 (1): 1–109. doi:10.11646/zootaxa.4104.1.1. PMID 27394762.
  2. Live Science Staff (July 3, 2011). "Tree Frog's Sticky Secrets Revealed". livescience.com. Retrieved 2019-12-23.
  3. "Dryophytes - Genus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Retrieved 2019-12-22.
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 "Dryophytes Fitzinger, 1843". Amphibian Species of the World.
  5. "AmphibiaWeb - Hyla versicolor". amphibiaweb.org. Taxonomic Notes. Retrieved 2019-12-22.
  6. "AmphibiaWeb - Hylidae". amphibiaweb.org. Retrieved 2019-12-22.
  7. "Dryophytes - Genus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Retrieved 2019-12-22.