From Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Dyslexia is a learning disability, a condition that makes it difficult to learn and understand things in the same way others do. It is a very common problem.

It affects the way the brain understands words. The most common signs of dyslexia are reading and writing problems.[1] Estimates are that in the United States between 5 and 9% of school children have dyslexia, though estimates go as high as 50%.[source?]

There are many dyslexia types.

Characteristics[change | change source]

A person can have dyslexia even if they are intelligent and educated. Recent studies show there are many small business owners that have dyslexia; between 35 and 50 percent of U.S. and British entrepreneurs are affected.[source?] Researchers think many dyslexic entrepreneurs are successful because they can delegate responsibilities (of writing letters) and still be good at speaking.[2]

At the end of the 19th century,[3] scientists did a lot of research about dyslexia and found some of the reasons that people are dyslexic. A professor who did research in the 1980s and 1990s looked at the brains of dyslexic people who had died.[source?] He found that some parts of the brain were not connected very well, and that this happened during the fourth month of pregnancy. This problem has a big effect on the left half of the brain. The newest research shows that three genes are the reason for dyslexia.

One thing that causes dyslexia is a problem with the central hearing nerve. This problem can not be found with a normal hearing test, so a special doctor has to do special tests to find it. It means that people with heavy dyslexia are sensitive to loud noise, may have problems speaking, and may not be able to concentrate. It may also cause problems with rhythm and melody of music.[needs to be explained]

Many people who have dyslexia also have other mental disorders, especially attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD).

Finding dyslexia[change | change source]

In order to tell if a child has dyslexia, they have to be seen by a doctor. A child can be called dyslexic if they cannot read or write well and there is no other reason for the problem. Doctors are trying to create early tests to help find out whether a child has dyslexia before they are old enough to go to school. If this happens, a child can start to be treated very early, and they may have fewer problems at school. Many well-known people have dyslexia, including: Stephen Hawking,[4] Jamie Oliver, Whoopi Goldberg, Ozzy Osbourne, Jay Leno, John de Lancie, Keira Knightley, Albert Einstein, Orlando Bloom, Keanu Reeves, Richard Branson, Henry Winkler, Patrick Dempsey, Albert Einstein, and Tom Cruise. These people, though, have continued to thrive in their work.[source?]

Therapy[change | change source]

Children with dyslexia can be helped. One way teachers help dyslexic students is to break words into different sounds.[5] The student must learn how to write the different sounds and create words. This helps with reading and writing.[6] Some people think that dyslexic children can read and write better if they put pieces of colored paper on top of what they are reading.[source?]

References[change | change source]

  1. Leseyane, Monicca; Mandende, Peter; Makgato, Mary; Cekiso, Madoda (2018-03-05). "Dyslexic learners' experiences with their peers and teachers in special and mainstream primary schools in North-West Province". African Journal of Disability. 7 (0): 7. doi:10.4102/ajod.v7i0.363. ISSN 2226-7220. PMC 5843944. PMID 29535918 – via AJOD.{{cite journal}}: CS1 maint: PMC format (link)
  2. Brent Bowers (December 6, 2007). "Tracing Business Acumen to Dyslexia". New York Times. Cites a study by Julie Logan, professor of entrepreneurship at Cass Business School in London, among other literature.
  3. "History of Dyslexia | Dyslexia Awareness". www.dyslexia-aware.com. Retrieved 2017-05-23.
  4. Famous dyslexic people: Stephen Hawking
  5. Knight, Cathryn (2018). "What is dyslexia? An exploration of the relationship between teachers' understandings of dyslexia and their training experiences". Dyslexia. 24 (3): 207–219. doi:10.1002/dys.1593. PMC 6099274. PMID 30019501 – via Wiley Online Library.{{cite journal}}: CS1 maint: PMC format (link)
  6. Kirby, John R.; Silvestri, Robert; Allingham, Beth H.; Parrila, Rauno; La Fave, Chantal B. (2008). "Learning Strategies and Study Approaches of Postsecondary Students With Dyslexia". Journal of Learning Disabilities. 41 (1): 85–96. doi:10.1177/0022219407311040. ISSN 0022-2194 – via SAGE Journals.

Related pages[change | change source]