Dyspraxia is a chronic disability that affects coordination. It is also known as developmental coordination disorder. 2-6% of people have dyspraxia. Four times as many males than females have it. It is sometimes called 'clumsy child syndrome', but adults have it too. People with dyspraxia (dyspraxics) may have other disabilities such as ADHD or autism.
There is no single cause of dyspraxia. It may not be diagnosed until later in childhood or sometimes teenage years. It cannot be cured: people who have it will live with it for life.
Signs[change | change source]
- Finding it hard to tell between left and right
- Finding it hard to learn to tie shoelaces, ties or put on tights
- Bad balance and poor self-awareness
- Messy/untidy, hard-to-read handwriting
Associated disorders[change | change source]
People who have developmental coordination disorder may also have one or more of these conditions:
- Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) (inattention, hyperactivity, impulsive behaviour).
- Autism spectrum disorder
- Dyscalculia (difficulty with mathematics),
- Dysgraphia (an inability to write neatly and/or draw),
- Dyslexia (difficulty with reading and spelling),:28
- Hypotonia (low muscle tone)
- Sensory processing disorder
- Specific language impairment (SLI)
- Visual perception deficits
Famous people with dyspraxia[change | change source]
References[change | change source]
- David Grant 2010. That's the way I think: dyslexia, dyspraxia and ADHD explained. Oxford; New York: Routledge, p. 141.
- Penny Deiner 2013. Inclusive early childhood education: development, resources, and practice. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth Cengage Learning, p. 395.
- Fliers EA, Franke B, Buitelaar JK (2011). "Motor problems in children with ADHD receive too little attention in clinical practice" (in Dutch, Flemish). Ned Tijdschr Geneeskd 155 (50): A3559. PMID 22186361.
- Gillberg C, Kadesjö B (2003). "Why bother about clumsiness? The implications of having developmental coordination disorder (DCD)". Neural Plast. 10 (1–2): 59–68. doi:10.1155/NP.2003.59. PMC 2565425. PMID 14640308.
- Dziuk M.A. et al (2007). "Dyspraxia in autism: association with motor, social, and communicative deficits". Dev Med Child Neurol 49 (10): 734–9. doi:10.1111/j.1469-8749.2007.00734.x. PMID 17880641.
- Jeste SS (2011). "The neurology of autism spectrum disorders". Curr. Opin. Neurol. 24 (2): 132–9. doi:10.1097/WCO.0b013e3283446450. PMC 3160764. PMID 21293268.
- Miyahara, M. (2013). "Meta review of systematic and meta analytic reviews on movement differences, effect of movement based interventions, and the underlying neural mechanisms in autism spectrum disorder". Front Integr Neurosci 7: 16. doi:10.3389/fnint.2013.00016. PMC 3607787. PMID 23532374.
- Pieters S. et al (2012). "Mathematical problems in children with developmental coordination disorder". Res Dev Disabil 33 (4): 1128–35. doi:10.1016/j.ridd.2012.02.007. PMID 22502838.
- Van Waelvelde H. et al (2012). "SOS: a screening instrument to identify children with handwriting impairments". Phys Occup Ther Pediatr 32 (3): 306–19. doi:10.3109/01942638.2012.678971. PMID 22515913.
- Susan J. Pickering (2012). "Chapter 2. Working memory in dyslexia". Working memory and neurodevelopmental disorders. Psychology Press. ISBN 978-1-135-42134-2. http://books.google.com/books?id=IoXidOBdNpMC&pg=PA29.
- Barnhart R.C. et al 2003. Developmental coordination disorder. Phys Therapy 83 (8): 722–31. PMID 12882613
- Elbasan B, Kay 305 Han H, Duzgun I (2012). "Sensory integration and activities of daily living in children with developmental coordination disorder". Ital J Pediatr 38 (1): 14. doi:10.1186/1824-7288-38-14. PMC 3395584. PMID 22546072.
- Biggs, Victoria (2005). "2 The hidden people at home". Caged in chaos : a dyspraxic guide to breaking free. London ; Philadelphia: Jessica Kingsley Publishers. ISBN 978-1-84310-347-9. OCLC 57316751.
- Alloway, TP; Archibald, L (2008). "Working memory and learning in children with developmental coordination disorder and specific language impairment". Journal of Learning Disabilities 41 (3): 251–62. doi:10.1177/0022219408315815. PMID 18434291.
- Schoemaker MM. et al (2001). "Perceptual skills of children with developmental coordination disorder". Hum Mov Sci 20 (1–2): 111–33. doi:10.1016/s0167-9457(01)00031-8. PMID 11471393. http://share.eldoc.ub.rug.nl/FILES/root2/2001/Percskofc/Schoenmakers_2001_Human_Movement_Science.pdf.
- Chris Irvine, 'Harry Potter's Daniel Radcliffe has dyspraxia', The Telegraph, Telegraph Media Group Limited (04 September 2013)