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Temporal range: Late Pliocene to Late Pleistocene
Elasmotherium sibiricum
Conservation status
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Perissodactyla
Family: Rhinocerotidae
Genus: Elasmotherium
J. Fischer, 1808
  • E. sibiricum
  • E. inexpectatum
  • E. pei
  • E. caucasicum

Elasmotherium (meaning "thin plate beast") was an ancient plant-eating mammal that lived during the Pleistocene epoch. Fossils have been found in Europe and Asia;[1] this giant lived and grazed on the Eurasian (Europe and Asia) steppes (grasslands).

Description[change | edit source]

Elasmotherium was a heavily-built quadruped that walked on four short, stocky hoofed legs. It had a huge horn on its forehead; the horn may have been up to 6.5 ft (2 m) long (fossils of the horn have not been found). Elasmotherium was bigger than an elephant; it was 16–26 ft (5–8 m) long and it weighed roughly 3.5 to 4.5 tons (3-4 tonnes). The teeth were tall-crowned and were covered with cement and wrinkled enamel.

References[change | edit source]

  1. Tleuberdina, Piruza; Nazymbetova, Gulzhan (2010). "Distribution of Elasmotherium in Kazakhstan". In Titov, V.V.; Tesakov, A.S.. Quaternary stratigraphy and paleontology of the Southern Russia: connections between Europe, Africa and Asia: Abstracts of the International INQUA-SEQS Conference (Rostov-on-Don, June 21–26, 2010). Rostov-on-Don: Russian Academy of Science. pp. 171–173. http://seqs2010-rostov.narod.ru/absractsrostov.pdf.