This person won a Nobel Prize

Elizabeth Blackburn

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Elizabeth Blackburn
Elizabeth Blackman, 2009
Born November 26, 1948
Hobart, Tasmania
Nationality Australian
Fields Molecular biology
Institutions University of California, San Francisco
Alma mater University of Melbourne, University of Cambridge
Known for Chromosomes, telomeres
Notable awards Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (2009)

Elizabeth Helen Blackburn is an Australian molecular biologist who won the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 2009.

Work[change | change source]

Blackburn won the Nobel Prize with Americans Jack Szostak and Carol Greider for their work on chromosomes. They researched the way that telomeres protect the chromosomes in cells. Chromosomes are the part of the cell that carries  genetic information. Telomeres are the ends of chromosomes. Blackburn outlined the DNA sequence of an organism. This organism is called Tetrahymena. Blackburn made important discoveries about this organism. She learned that telomeres can help prevent cancer and other diseases.  Blackburn is the first Australian woman to win a Nobel Prize. She also received the Albert Lasker Basic Medical Research Award in 2006.[1][2]

Life[change | change source]

Blackburn was born in Hobart, Tasmania on November 26, 1948. She was the daughter of Harold and Marcia Blackburn. She went to Broadford girls school in Launceston, and later Melbourne University High School. She studied biochemistry at the University of Melbourne and completed her PhD at the University of Cambridge, Darwin College. She gained more education at Yale University.[3] She began her work as a research fellow at Yale University. She was there from 1975- 1977. She is now Professor of Biology and Physiology at the University of California, San Francisco. She married John W. Sedat in 1975. She became a United States citizen in 2003. [4]

Achievements[change | change source]

She won the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 2009. On January 26, 2010, the Australian Government made Blackburn a Companion of the Order of Australia.She has one child, Ben Sedat. She was named one the top 100 most influential people in 2007 by Time magazine.[5]

References[change | change source]

  1. "Blackburn, Elizabeth Helen." World Book Advanced, World Book, 2017. Accessed 12 Apr. 2017.
  2. "Elizabeth H. Blackburn." Scientists: Their Lives and Works, UXL, 2006. Student Resources in Context, link.galegroup.com/apps/doc/K2641500021/SUIC?u=palo88030&xid=18a6d07d. Accessed 12 Apr. 2017.
  3. "Blackburn, Elizabeth Helen." World Book Advanced, World Book, 2017. Accessed 12 Apr. 2017.
  4. "Elizabeth H. Blackburn." Scientists: Their Lives and Works, UXL, 2006. Student Resources in Context, link.galegroup.com/apps/doc/K2641500021/SUIC?u=palo88030&xid=18a6d07d. Accessed 12 Apr. 2017.
  5. "Elizabeth Blackburn." Newsmakers, vol. 1, Gale, 2010. Student Resources in Context. Accessed 12 Apr. 2017.