August 15, 1890
Somerville, Tennessee, U.S.
|Died||December 11, 2006|
(aged 116 years, 118 days)
Memphis, Tennessee, U.S.
|Other names||Elizabeth Bolden, Lizzie|
|Known for||World's oldest living person (August 27, 2006, to December 11, 2006)|
(m. 1908; his death 1955)
Elizabeth Bolden (née Jones; August 15, 1890 – December 11, 2006) was an American supercentenarian who, at the time of her death at age 116 years, 118 days, was recognized by Guinness World Records as the then-world's oldest living person.
Biography[change | change source]
Elizabeth Jones was born in 1890 in Somerville, Tennessee, the daughter of freed slaves.
She married Louis Bolden (1892–1955) in 1908, and their first child, a son, Ezell, was born on September 21, 1909. Elizabeth and Louis Bolden had three sons and four daughters and raised cotton and subsistence crops on farmland near Memphis until the 1950s. Only two daughters were living at the time of Bolden's death in 2006; they were Queen Esther Rhodes, who died in 2007 at age 90, and Mamie Brittmon. At the time of her 116th birthday in August 2006, Bolden had 40 grandchildren, 75 great-grandchildren, 150 great-great-grandchildren, 220 great-great-great-grandchildren and 75 great-great-great-great-grandchildren.
Later life[change | change source]
In her final years, Bolden resided in a Memphis nursing home that she had lived in since she was 109, and was described by her family as unable to communicate. They requested that media attention (such as interviews and visits) be limited. While she was the world's oldest person Bolden was rarely seen in public.
She was photographed for two different books in early 2005, and was featured in Jet magazine in May 2005 and the Memphis Commercial Appeal in June 2005. For her 116th birthday, new photographs were released for the first time in almost a year, and her family said that she was looking forward to her birthday.
Age records[change | change source]
Elizabeth Bolden was verified in April 2005 as being the oldest documented resident of the United States since the death of Emma Verona Johnston the previous December. Prior to this, Bettie Wilson, had been the oldest known American. After the death of Hendrikje van Andel on August 30, 2005, she was thought to be the world's oldest living person until December 9, 2005, when María Capovilla was authenticated as older. She became the oldest living person following Capovilla's death on August 27, 2006. This was officially confirmed on September 17, 2006, by Guinness World Records.
At the time of her death aged 116 years 118 days she was the sixth-oldest undisputed person ever documented. After her death, Emiliano Mercado del Toro became the world's oldest person and Julie Winnefred Bertrand became the world's oldest woman. She was the last remaining undisputed person born in the year of 1890.
Related pages[change | change source]
References[change | change source]
- ↑ 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 Table C - World's Oldest Person (WOP) Titleholders Since 1955 Gerontology Research Group
- ↑ 2.0 2.1 Memphis Woman Turns 116, Elizabeth Bolden Thought To Be World's Second Oldest Person – CBS News
- ↑  Archived September 21, 2006, at the Wayback Machine
Other websites[change | change source]
- The Associated Press – Memphis woman listed as world's oldest dies at 116
- Blackamericaweb – Elizabeth Bolden, America's oldest woman and daughter of freed slaves, dies at 116
- Elizabeth Bolden at Find a Grave
| Oldest Recognized Living Person
August 27, 2006 - December 11, 2006
Emiliano Mercado del Toro
| World's oldest living woman
August 27, 2006 - December 11, 2006
Julie Winnefred Bertrand