|Year first constructed||1882|
|Foundation||concrete and granite|
|Construction||cast iron tower|
|Tower shape||cylindrical tower with balcony and lantern|
|Markings / pattern||white tower, black lantern dome|
|Tower height||21.4 m (70 ft) (five floors)|
|Focal height||56.4 m (185 ft)|
|Original lens||Fourth order fresnel|
|Range||27.2 nautical miles (50.4 km; 31.3 mi)|
|Characteristic||Fl W 10s.|
|Managing agent||Kenting National Park |
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Eluanbi Lighthouse (Chinese: 鵝鑾鼻燈塔; pinyin: Éluánbí Dēngtǎ) is a lighthouse in Kenting National Park, Taiwan. It is on Cape Eluanbi, which is the southernmost place in Taiwan. Cape Eluanbi is in Pingtung County. The lighthouse is managed by the Customs Administration of the Ministry of Finance. The lighthouse is built between the Pacific Ocean and the Taiwan Strait and it faces toward the Luzon Strait. The lighthouse is open to the public for the whole year. The lighthouse is sometimes called "The Light of East Asia", because its intensity is very powerful.
History[change | change source]
Eluanbi Lighthouse was built in 1883. It was built by the Qing Dynasty. This is because accidents happened a lot in the area. Ships crashed into the reefs in the waters nearby. The Qing Dynasty wanted to prevent accidents like the Rover Incident. W. F. Spindey, who was an English architect that was part of the Royal Geographical Society was hired to build this lighthouse. The lighthouse is the only one in the world that is armed. It has a trench around it and a lot of gun holes in the wall. This was needed because many of the local Aboriginal people raided the lighthouse a lot.
After the Treaty of Shimonoseki, Taiwan became a part of the Empire of Japan. Damage on the lighthouse from the First Sino-Japanese War was fixed in 1898 by the Japanese. In World War II, the lighthouse became damaged again during the Aerial Battle of Taiwan-Okinawa.
The lighthouse was rebuilt in 1962. It still works and is a historical monument in Kenting National Park. Next to the lighthouse there is also a memorial of the "Taiwan Eight Magnificent Sceneries".
References[change | change source]
- Su-fang Li, "The Lighthouses in Taiwan", Yuan-zu Culture Publ. Inc., Taipei county, Taiwan, 2002, pp. 126-131. ISBN 957-28031-2-3 (Chinese)
- Lun-hui Yue, "Ocean Navigator-The Fair of Taiwan Lighthouses", Kaohsiung History Museum, Kaohsiung, 2000, pp. 83-86. ISBN 957-02-7455-7 (Chinese)
- Customs, Ministry of Finance of Taiwan, "The Concise History of the Republic of China Customs", Taipei, 1998. ISBN 957-00-4861-1 (Chinese)
Other websites[change | change source]
- Kenting National Park (Taiwan) (Chinese)
- Eluanbi Lighthouse-Directorate General of Customs (Taiwan) (English)(Chinese)
- Eluanbi Lighthouse (Taiwan) (Chinese)
- Maritime and Port Bureau MOTC