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Emperor Chūai

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Emperor of Japan
Ega no Naganu no nishi no misasagi (Osaka)

Emperor Chūai (仲哀天皇,, Chūai-tennō) was the 14th emperor of Japan,[1] according to the traditional order of succession.[2] Historians consider Emperor Chūai to be a legendary person,[3] and the name Chūai-tennō was created for him posthumously by later generations.

No certain dates can be assigned to this emperor's life or reign.[4] The conventionally accepted names and sequence of the early emperors were not to be confirmed as "traditional" until the reign of Emperor Kammu, who was the 50th monarch of the Yamato dynasty.[5]

Traditional history[change | change source]

Chūai is almost certainly a legend; but the Kojiki and Nihonshoki record his name.[6] He was a grandson of Emperor Keikō.

Chūai's wife is known as Empress Jingū. Her son would become known as Emperor Ōjin.[7]

Events of Chūai's life[change | change source]

The limited information about Chūai does not imply that no such person ever existed. Very little information is available for study prior to the reign of the 29th monarch, Emperor Kimmei.[8]

After his death[change | change source]

This emperor's official name after his death (his posthumous name) was regularized many centuries after the lifetime which was ascribed to Chūai.[6]

The actual site of his grave is not known. According to the Imperial Household Agency, this emperor is venerated at a memorial Shinto shrine (misasagi) at Fujiidera of Osaka Prefecture.[1]

Related pages[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

The chrysanthemum symbol of the Japanese emperor and his family.
  1. 1.0 1.1 Imperial Household Agency (Kunaichō), 仲哀天皇 (14); retrieved 2011-10-19.
  2. Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Annales des empereurs du japon, pp. 15; Varley, Paul. (1980). Jinnō Shōtōki, pp. 100-101; Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric et al. (2002). "Traditional order of Tennō" in Japan encyclopedia, pp. 962-963.
  3. Kelly, Charles F. "Kofun Culture," Japanese Archaeology. April 27, 2009; retrieved 2011-10-19.
  4. Ponsonby-Fane, Richard. (1959). The Imperial House of Japan, p. 30.
  5. Aston, William George. (1896). Nihongi, pp. 109.
  6. 6.0 6.1 Aston, William. (1998). Nihongi. Vol. 1, pp. 188-214.
  7. Aston (1998), pp. 217-223.
  8. Titsingh, pp. 34-36; Brown, pp. 261-262; Varley, pp. 123-124.
Preceded by
Emperor Seimu
Legendary Emperor of Japan:

(traditional dates)
Succeeded by
Empress Jingū