Emperor Ingyō

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Emperor of Japan
Reign412–453 (traditional)[1]
Died453 (aged 76–77)
Ega no Naganu no kita no misasagi (Osaka)
  • Empress Oshisaka no Ōnakatsuhime
  • Sotoshi no Iratsume
IssueSee below
FatherEmperor Nintoku
MotherPrincess Iwanohime

Emperor Ingyō (允恭天皇, Ingyō-tennō) was the 19th emperor of Japan,[2] according to the traditional order of succession.[3] Historians consider details about the life of Emperor Ingyō to be possibly legendary, but probable.[4] The name Ingyō-tennō was created for him posthumously by later generations.

No certain dates can be assigned to this emperor's life or reign.[5] The conventionally accepted names and sequence of the early emperors were not to be confirmed as "traditional" until the reign of Emperor Kammu, who was the 50th monarch of the Yamato dynasty.[6]

Traditional history[change | change source]

The Kojiki and Nihon Shoki record that Ingyō was the fourth son of Emperor Nintoku. He was the younger brother of Emperor Hanzei.[3]

Ingyō made one of his brothers his heir, but this plan did not unfold as planned. Instead, his brother's sons would attain the throne. Ingyō would be followed by his nephews, Emperor Ankō and Emperor Yūryaku.[7]

Events of Ingyō's life[change | change source]

Very little is known about the events of Ingyō's life and reign. Only limited information is available for study prior to the reign of the 29th monarch, Emperor Kimmei.[8]

The earliest recorded earthquake in Japan was in 416. The Imperial Palace in Kyoto was destroyed.[9]

After his death[change | change source]

This emperor's official name after his death (his posthumous name) was regularized many centuries after the lifetime which was ascribed to Ingyō.[10]

According to the Imperial Household Agency, the emperor's final resting place is in an earthen tumulus (kofun).[11] Ingyō is venerated at a memorial Shinto shrine (misasagi) in Fujiidera, which is a city near Osaka.[2]

Related pages[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

The chrysanthemum symbol of the Japanese emperor and his family.
  1. "Genealogy of the Emperors of Japan" at Kunaicho.go.jp. Retrieved 2013-8-28.
  2. 2.0 2.1 Imperial Household Agency (Kunaichō), 允恭天皇 (19). Retrieved 2011-10-16.
  3. 3.0 3.1 Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Annales des empereurs du japon, p. 26; Varley, Paul. (1980). Jinnō Shōtōki, p. 112; Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric et al. (2002). "Traditional order of Tennō" in Japan encyclopedia, pp. 962-963.
  4. Kelly, Charles F. "Kofun Culture," Japanese Archaeology. April 27, 2009. Retrieved 2011-10-16.
  5. Ponsonby-Fane, Richard. (1959). The Imperial House of Japan, p. 30.
  6. Aston, William George. (1896). Nihongi, pp. 109.
  7. Titsingh, pp. 26-27.
  8. Titsingh, pp. 34-36; Brown, pp. 261-262; Varley, pp. 123-124.
  9. Hammer, Joshua. (2006). Yokohama Burning: The Deadly 1923 Earthquake and Fire that Helped Forge the Path to World War II, p. 62.]
  10. Aston (1998), pp. 146-147.
  11. Gowland, William. "The Burial Mounds and Dolmens of the Early Emperors of Japan," The Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute of Great Britain and Ireland, Vol. 37, Jan.-Jun., 1907, pp. 10-46. Retrieved 2011-10-16.
Preceded by
Emperor Hanzei
Legendary Emperor of Japan

(traditional dates)
Succeeded by
Emperor Ankō