Empire of Brazil

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Empire of Brazil
Império do Brasil
1822–1889
Imperial coat of arms
Imperial coat of arms
Motto
Independência ou Morte!
"Independence or Death!"
Anthem
Anthem of Independence(1822-1831)

Brazilian National Anthem (1831–1889)
Map of South America with the Empire of Brazil highlighted in green
The Empire of Brazil including the former Cisplatina province.
Capital Rio de Janeiro
Languages Portuguese
Religion Roman Catholic
Government Constitutional monarchy
Emperor of Brazil
 •  1822–1831 Pedro I
 •  1831–1889 Pedro II
Legislature General Assembly
 •  Upper house Senate
 •  Lower house Chamber of Deputies
Historical era 19th century
 •  Independence 7 September 1822
 •  Accession of Pedro I 12 October 1822
 •  Imperial Constitution adopted 25 March 1824
 •  Accession of Pedro II 7 April 1831
 •  Slavery abolished[1] 13 May 1888
 •  Monarchy abolished 15 November 1889
Currency Real

The Empire of Brazil was a 19th-century country that covered the areas of modern Brazil and Uruguay. Brazil was originally a colony of the Portuguese Empire but became its center when the Prince Regent João VI fled the French invasion of Portugal in 1808. When João returned to Portugal he left his son Pedro as regent of the autonomous Kingdom of Brazil.

Declaration of the independence of Brazil on September 7, 1822.

On 7 September 1822, Pedro declared Brazil to be an independent Empire with himself as Emperor. However he abdicated in 1831 in favour of his young son Pedro II whose reign saw three international wars and decades of economic prosperity. However Pedro II did not have a male heir and the Empire ended on 15 November 1889 when the Emperor was overthrown in a coup d'état by the military.

References[change | change source]

  1. Leslie Bethell (1970). "The Abolition of the Brazilian Slave Trade: Britain, Brazil and the Slave Trade". Cambridge University Press.  |chapter= ignored (help)

Other websites[change | change source]

Media related to Empire of Brazil at Wikimedia Commons