Empire of Brazil
||This article needs more sources for reliability. (August 2015)|
|Empire of Brazil|
|Império do Brasil|
Independência ou Morte!
"Independence or Death!"
Anthem of Independence(1822-1831)
Brazilian National Anthem (1831–1889)
The Empire of Brazil including the former Cisplatina province.
|Capital||Rio de Janeiro|
|Emperor of Brazil|
|•||Lower house||Chamber of Deputies|
|Historical era||19th century|
|•||Independence||7 September 1822|
|•||Accession of Pedro I||12 October 1822|
|•||Imperial Constitution adopted||25 March 1824|
|•||Accession of Pedro II||7 April 1831|
|•||Slavery abolished||13 May 1888|
|•||Monarchy abolished||15 November 1889|
The Empire of Brazil was a 19th-century country that covered the areas of modern Brazil and Uruguay. Brazil was originally a colony of the Portuguese Empire but became its center when the Prince Regent João VI fled the French invasion of Portugal in 1808. When João returned to Portugal he left his son Pedro as regent of the autonomous Kingdom of Brazil.
On 7 September 1822, Pedro declared Brazil to be an independent Empire with himself as Emperor. However he abdicated in 1831 in favour of his young son Pedro II whose reign saw three international wars and decades of economic prosperity. However Pedro II did not have a male heir and the Empire ended on 15 November 1889 when the Emperor was overthrown in a coup d'état by the military.
References[change | change source]
- Leslie Bethell (1970). "The Abolition of the Brazilian Slave Trade: Britain, Brazil and the Slave Trade". Cambridge University Press.
Other websites[change | change source]
Media related to Empire of Brazil at Wikimedia Commons