Empire of Brazil

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Empire of Brazil
Império do Brasil
1822–1889
Imperial coat of arms
Imperial coat of arms
Motto
Independência ou Morte!
"Independence or Death!"
Anthem
Anthem of Independence(1822-1831)

Brazilian National Anthem (1831–1889)
Map of South America with the Empire of Brazil highlighted in green
The Empire of Brazil including the former Cisplatina province.
Capital Rio de Janeiro
Languages Portuguese
Religion Roman Catholic
Government Constitutional monarchy parliamentary unitary state representative democracy
Emperor of Brazil
 •  1822–1831 Pedro I
 •  1831–1889 Pedro II
Legislature General Assembly
 •  Upper house Senate
 •  Lower house Chamber of Deputies
Historical era 19th century
 •  Independence 7 September 1822
 •  Accession of Pedro I 12 October 1822
 •  Imperial Constitution adopted 25 March 1824
 •  Accession of Pedro II 7 April 1831
 •  Slavery abolished[1] 13 May 1888
 •  Monarchy abolished 15 November 1889
Currency Real

The Empire of Brazil was a parliamentary democratic constitutional monarchy of the nineteenth century that covered the areas of modern Brazil and Uruguay. Brazil was originally a colony of the Portuguese Empire but became its center when the Prince Regent João VI fled the French invasion of Portugal in 1808. When João returned to Portugal he left his son Pedro as regent of the autonomous Kingdom of Brazil.

Declaration of the independence of Brazil on September 7, 1822.

On 7 September 1822, Pedro declared Brazil to be an independent Empire and was acclaimed by the people as emperor. However he abdicated in 1831 in favour of his young son Pedro II whose reign saw three international wars and decades of economic prosperity. Pedro I, Pedro II and the entire imperial family of Brazil wanted the abolition of slavery and in 13 May 1888 the imperial princess regent, Isabel de Bragança and Bourbon signed the Golden Law on behalf of his father, extinguishing the slavery. Slavery farmers, dissatisfied with the abolition of slavery, have joined the republican movement. The Republicans caused Deodoro da Fonseca, an elderly Marshal, to carry out a Coup d'etat and install the republic and first dictatorship, November 15, 1889. The imperial family was exiled and the Republican government persecuted, tortured and killed all those who opposed the regime.

References[change | change source]

  1. Leslie Bethell (1970). "The Abolition of the Brazilian Slave Trade: Britain, Brazil and the Slave Trade". Cambridge University Press. |chapter= ignored (help)

Other websites[change | change source]

Media related to Empire of Brazil at Wikimedia Commons