|Specimen in El Canchol, Jalisco Guanacaste (Costa Rica)|
Several, see text
Enterolobium cyclocarpum, commonly known as guanacaste or elephant-ear tree, is a species of flowering tree in the pea family, Fabaceae, that is native to tropical regions of the Americas. It is the national tree of Costa Rica.
Names[change | change source]
The tree is known in English as elephant-ear tree, Devil's ear or Devil's ear.
Common names in some other languages are:
- Spanish: guanacaste, árbol de las orejas, parota
- French: bois tanniste rouge, oreille d'éléphant
- German: Affenseife
Synonyms[change | change source]
- Albizia longipes Britton & Killip
- Enterolobium cyclocarpa (Jacq.) Griseb.
- Feuilleea cyclocarpa (Jacq.) Kuntze
- Inga cyclocarpa' (Jacq.) Willd.
- Mimosa cyclocarpa Jacq.
- Mimosa parota Sesse & Moc.
- Pithecellobium cyclocarpum (Jacq.) Mart.
- Prosopis dubia Kunth
- Prosopis dubia Guill. & Perr.
Description[change | change source]
The guanacaste is a large tree, growing to 20–30 m (66–98 ft) tall, with a trunk up to 3 m (9.8 ft) in diameter. The bark is light gray. The crown (the upper part of tree) is broad and widely spreading. Leaves are 15 to 50 cm (5.9 to 19.7 in) long, alternate and compound.
The guanacaste is evergreen, or briefly deciduous for 1–2 months during the dry season (without rains). Most leaves fall in December, at the start of the dry season. In late February, leaves start to appear and produce a fresh, thick crown by April.
Where it grows[change | change source]
The guanacaste tree is native to tropical America. It grows from southern Mexico through Central America to northern South America. It is found also in the West Indies. It has been introduced in other tropical regions.
Uses[change | change source]
Gallery[change | change source]
Guanacaste tree in Liberia, Costa Rica
References[change | change source]
- "Taxon: Enterolobium cyclocarpum (Jacq.) Griseb". U.S. National Plant Germplasm System (NPGS/GRIN). Retrieved 12 December 2016.
- "Flora of the British West Indian islands". Biodiversity Heritage Library (BHL). Retrieved 12 December 2016.
- "Enterolobium cyclocarpum (Jacq.) Griseb". The Plant List. Retrieved 12 December 2016.
- "Enterolobium cyclocarpum" (PDF) (in Spanish). México: Comisión Nacional para el Conocimiento y Uso de la Biodiversidad (CONABIO). Retrieved 12 December 2016.
Other websites[change | change source]
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Enterolobium cyclocarpum.|
|Wikispecies has information on: Enterolobium cyclocarpum.|