|First Secretary of the Party of Labour of Albania|
8 November 1941 – 11 April 1985
|Succeeded by||Ramiz Alia|
|2nd Chairman of the Council of Ministers of the People's Republic of Albania|
24 October 1944 – 18 July 1954
|Preceded by||Ibrahim Biçakçiu (as Prime Minister of Albania)|
|Succeeded by||Mehmet Shehu|
|Born||16 October 1908|
Ergiri (Gjirokastër), Janina Vilayet, Ottoman Empire
|Died||11 April 1985 (aged 76)|
Tirana, People's Socialist Republic of Albania
|Political party||Party of Labour of Albania|
Enver Hoxha (16 October 1908 – 11 April 1985) was an Albanian politician who was dictator of Albania. Ideologically a communist, Hoxha served as prime minister of Albania from 1944 until 1954, and First Secretary of the Party of Labour of Albania from 1941 until his death.
Early life[change | change source]
Hoxha was born in Gjirokastër, a city in southern Albania (then under the Ottoman Empire) that has been home to many prominent families. He was the son of Halil Hoxha, a Bektashi Tosk cloth merchant who traveled widely across Europe and the United States and Gjylihan (Gjylo) Hoxha. He was raised a member of a wealthy Muslim family of landowners and merchants. He went to the best schools in Albania in the 1920s. He was given one of the few scholarships to a foreign college. In 1931 he attended the University of Montpellier in France. He lost his scholarship in 1934 for poor performance and moved to Paris.
References[change | change source]
- 40 Years of Socialist Albania, Dhimiter Picani
- "Enver Hoxha: Prime Minister of Albania". Encyclopædia Britannica.
- Balkan Strongmen: Dictators and Authoritarian Rulers of South Eastern Europe ed. Bernd Jürgen Fischer (West Lafayette, IN: Purdue University Press, 2007), pp. 241–242
- Gillian Gloyer, Albania (Chalfont St. Peter: Bradt Travel Guides, 2012), p. 16
| Chairman of the Council of Ministers of Albania
| Minister of Foreign Affairs of Albania