From Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Northern pike (Esox lucius)
Scientific classification Edit this classification
Domain: Eukaryota
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Superorder: Protacanthopterygii
Order: Esociformes
Bleeker, 1859
  • Esocoidei Bleeker, 1859
  • Haplomi
  • Esocae
  • Umbriformes Günther, 1866

Esociformes are a small order of ray-finned fish (the Actinopterygii). There are two families, the Umbridae (mudminnows) and the Esocidae (pikes).

The Esocidae are named after the pike genus Esox. One highly successful species is Esox lucius or northern pike.[2]

The Esociform fishes live in freshwater, in North America and northern Eurasia. The order is very similar to the Salmonidae.[3]

Families[change | change source]

Esocidae[change | change source]

The family Esocidae has three extant genera (Esox, Novumbra, and Dallia) that comprise a holarctic distribution.

Umbridae[change | change source]

Umbridae is another family. So far, the genus Umbra is the only extant genus. The other genera have gone extinct.

References[change | change source]

  1. Haaramo, Mikko (2007). "Esociformes – pikes, pickerels, mud minnows and blackfishes". Mikko's Phylogeny Archive. Retrieved 30 December 2016.
  2. "Esox lucius (pike)". Invasive Species Compendium. Retrieved 23 October 2016.
  3. "Orden Esociformes-NaturaLista" (in Spanish).