Estonia

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Republic of Estonia
Eesti Vabariik
Anthem: 

Mu isamaa, mu õnn ja rõõm
My Fatherland, My Happiness and Joy
Location of  Estonia  (dark green)– on the European continent  (green & dark grey)– in the European Union  (green)  —  [Legend]
Location of  Estonia  (dark green)

– on the European continent  (green & dark grey)
– in the European Union  (green)  —  [Legend]

Capital
and largest city
Tallinn
Official languages Estoniana
Recognised regional languages Võro
Setu
Ethnic groups (2012[1]) 69% Estoniansb
25.4% Russians
2.0% Ukrainians
1.1% Belarusians
0.8% Finns
1.6 % others
Demonym Estonian
Government Parliamentary republic
Kersti Kaljulaidc
Taavi Rõivas
Ene Ergma (IRL)
(RE, IRL)
Independence from Russia
12 April 1917
24 February 1918

2 February 1920
1940–1941
1941–1944
1944–1991
20 August 1991
Area
• Total
45,227 km2 (17,462 sq mi) (132nd)
• Water (%)
4.45%
Population
• 2010 estimate
1,340,194[2] (151st)
• 2012 census
1,294,236[3]
• Density
29/km2 (75.1/sq mi) (181st)
GDP (PPP) 2012 estimate
• Total
$27.313 billion[4]
• Per capita
$21,059[4]
GDP (nominal) 2012 estimate
• Total
$22.225 billion[4]
• Per capita
$16,636[4]
Gini (2009) 31.4
medium
HDI (2011) Increase 0.835[5]
very high · 34th
Currency Euro ()e (EUR)
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
• Summer (DST)
EEST (UTC+3)
Drives on the right
Calling code 372
ISO 3166 code EE
Internet TLD .eef
a. Võro and Seto in southern counties are spoken along with Estonian. Russian is still unofficially spoken in Ida-Virumaa and Tallinn, due to the Soviet Union's program promoting mass immigration of urban industrial workers during the post-war period.
b. Including 5.4% Võros and 0.93% Setos.[6]c. SDE member but nonpartisan while serving.
d. 47,549 km2 (18,359 sq mi) were defined according to the Treaty of Tartu in 1920 between Estonia and Russia. Today the remaining 2,323 km2 (897 sq mi) are still occupied and part of Russia. The ceded areas include most of the former Petseri County and areas behind the Narva river including Ivangorod (Jaanilinn).[7] Pechory remains under Russian control.
e. Estonian kroon (EEK) before 2011.
f. Also .eu, shared with other member states of the European Union.

Estonia /ɪsˈtniə/ (About this sound listen) (Estonian: Eesti), officially the Republic of Estonia (Estonian: Eesti Vabariik) is a small country in the Baltic Region of Northern Europe. The capital city is Tallinn. Estonia's neighbors are Sweden, Finland, Russia and Latvia. Its population is 1,332,893.[8]

Estonia became a member of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) on 29 March 2004. It joined the European Union on 1 May 2004.

Estonia is east from the Baltic Sea and the northest of the Baltic States.

The Riigikogu is the name of the parliament in Estonia.

Hiiu County Lääne County Saare County Harju County Lääne-Viru County Ida-Viru County Rapla County Pärnu County Järva County Viljandi County Jõgeva County Tartu County Valga County Põlva County Võru CountyCounties of Estonia
About this image

Estonia is divided into 15 counties (maakond): Harjumaa, Hiiumaa, Ida-Virumaa, Jõgevamaa, Järvamaa, Läänemaa, Lääne-Virumaa, Põlvamaa, Pärnumaa, Raplamaa, Saaremaa, Tartumaa, Valgamaa, Viljandimaa, Võrumaa.

Estonia has many forests, almost 50% of the land is covered with forests. Estonia has over 1,400 lakes and 1,500 islands.

International rankings[change | change source]

The following are links to international rankings of Estonia.

Index Rank Countries reviewed
Freedom House Internet Freedom 2012 1st 47
Index of Economic Freedom 2010 14th 157
Privacy International Yearly Privacy ranking of countries, 2007 5th 45
Reporters Without Borders Press Freedom Index 2011–2012 3rd 179
State of World Liberty Index 1st 159
Human Development Index 2010[5] 34th 169
Corruption Perceptions Index 2010 29th 178
Networked Readiness Index 2009–2010 25th 133
Ease of Doing Business Index 2011 17th 158
State of The World's Children's Index 2012[9] 10th 165
State of The World's Women's Index 2012 18th 165
Legatum Prosperity Index 2011 33rd 110

According to speedtest.net Estonia has one of the fastest Internet download speeds in the world with an average download speed of 27.12 Mbit/s.[10]

Related pages[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

  1. "Population by ethnic nationality, 1 January, year". stat.ee. Statistics Estonia. Retrieved 2 July 2012. 
  2. "Statistics Estonia". Stat.ee. 1 January 2011. 
  3. (in Estonian and English) (PDF) 2012. Aasta rahva ja eluruumide loendus (Population and Housing Census). 1. Statistikaamet (Statistical Office of Estonia). 2012. ISBN 9985-74-202-8. http://www.stat.ee/63779.
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 "Estonia". International Monetary Fund. Retrieved 18 April 2012. 
  5. 5.0 5.1 "Human Development Report 2011". United Nations. 2011. Retrieved 14 August 2011. 
  6. Võrokesed ees, setod järel
  7. Territorial changes of the Baltic states Soviet territorial changes against Estonia after World War II
  8. http://www.google.com/publicdata?ds=wb-wdi&met=sp_pop_totl&idim=country:EST&dl=en&hl=en&q=population+of+estonia
  9. http://www.savethechildren.org/atf/cf/%7B9def2ebe-10ae-432c-9bd0-df91d2eba74a%7D/STATEOFTHEWORLDSMOTHERSREPORT2012.PDF
  10. "Household Download Index". Retrieved 12 February 2012. 

Other websites[change | change source]