|Republic of Estonia
Mu isamaa, mu õnn ja rõõm
My Fatherland, My Happiness and Joy
and largest city
|Recognised regional languages||Võro
|Ethnic groups (2012)||69% Estoniansb
1.6 % others
|Ene Ergma (IRL)|
|Independence from Russia|
|12 April 1917|
|24 February 1918
2 February 1920
|20 August 1991|
|45,227 km2 (17,462 sq mi) (132nd)|
• Water (%)
• 2010 estimate
• 2012 census
|29/km2 (75.1/sq mi) (181st)|
|GDP (PPP)||2012 estimate|
• Per capita
|GDP (nominal)||2012 estimate|
• Per capita
|HDI (2011)|| 0.835
very high · 34th
|Currency||Euro (€)e (EUR)|
|Time zone||EET (UTC+2)|
• Summer (DST)
|Drives on the||right|
|ISO 3166 code||EE|
a. Võro and Seto in southern counties are spoken along with Estonian. Russian is still unofficially spoken in Ida-Virumaa and Tallinn, due to the Soviet Union's program promoting mass immigration of urban industrial workers during the post-war period.
b. Including 5.4% Võros and 0.93% Setos.c. SDE member but nonpartisan while serving.
d. 47,549 km2 (18,359 sq mi) were defined according to the Treaty of Tartu in 1920 between Estonia and Russia. Today the remaining 2,323 km2 (897 sq mi) are still occupied and part of Russia. The ceded areas include most of the former Petseri County and areas behind the Narva river including Ivangorod (Jaanilinn). Pechory remains under Russian control.
e. Estonian kroon (EEK) before 2011.
f. Also .eu, shared with other member states of the European Union.
Estonia /[invalid input: 'ɨ']/ ( listen) (Estonian: Eesti), officially the Republic of Estonia (Estonian: Eesti Vabariik) is a small country in the Baltic Region of Northern Europe. The capital city is Tallinn. Estonia's neighbors are Sweden, Finland, Russia and Latvia. Its population is 1,332,893.
The Riigikogu is the name of the parliament in Estonia.
Estonia is divided into 15 counties (maakond): Harjumaa, Hiiumaa, Ida-Virumaa, Jõgevamaa, Järvamaa, Läänemaa, Lääne-Virumaa, Põlvamaa, Pärnumaa, Raplamaa, Saaremaa, Tartumaa, Valgamaa, Viljandimaa, Võrumaa.
International rankings[change | change source]
The following are links to international rankings of Estonia.
|Freedom House Internet Freedom 2012||1st||47|
|Index of Economic Freedom 2010||14th||157|
|Privacy International Yearly Privacy ranking of countries, 2007||5th||45|
|Reporters Without Borders Press Freedom Index 2011–2012||3rd||179|
|State of World Liberty Index||1st||159|
|Human Development Index 2010||34th||169|
|Corruption Perceptions Index 2010||29th||178|
|Networked Readiness Index 2009–2010||25th||133|
|Ease of Doing Business Index 2011||17th||158|
|State of The World's Children's Index 2012||10th||165|
|State of The World's Women's Index 2012||18th||165|
|Legatum Prosperity Index 2011||33rd||110|
Related pages[change | change source]
References[change | change source]
- "Population by ethnic nationality, 1 January, year". stat.ee. Statistics Estonia. Retrieved 2 July 2012.
- "Statistics Estonia". Stat.ee. 1 January 2011.
- (in Estonian and English) (PDF) 2012. Aasta rahva ja eluruumide loendus (Population and Housing Census). 1. Statistikaamet (Statistical Office of Estonia). 2012. ISBN 9985-74-202-8. http://www.stat.ee/63779.
- "Estonia". International Monetary Fund. Retrieved 18 April 2012.
- "Human Development Report 2011". United Nations. 2011. Retrieved 14 August 2011.
- Võrokesed ees, setod järel
- Territorial changes of the Baltic states Soviet territorial changes against Estonia after World War II
- "Household Download Index". Retrieved 12 February 2012.
Other websites[change | change source]
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to estonia.|