Estonian language

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Estonian
eesti
Native to Estonia
Ethnicity Estonians
Native speakers
1.1 million (2012)[1]
Uralic
Latin (Estonian alphabet)
Estonian Braille
Official status
Official language in
 Estonia
 European Union
Regulated by Institute of the Estonian Language / Eesti Keele Instituut, Emakeele Selts (semi-official)
Language codes
ISO 639-1 et
ISO 639-2 est
ISO 639-3 estinclusive code
Individual codes:
ekk – Standard Estonian
vro – Võro
Glottolog esto1258[2]
Linguasphere 41-AAA-d
Idioma estonio.PNG
Distribution of estonian language
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The Estonian language (eesti keel) is a Finno-Ugric language. It is mainly spoken in Estonia. The Estonian language is similar to Finnish. Estonian is one of the national languages of Europe that is not an Indo-European language.

Estonian uses the Latin alphabet. It has many vowels, including Ö, Ä, Õ and Ü.

It has been influenced by and has got many words from German and Swedish. Estonian language also has different dialects.

Examples of Estonian words[change | change source]

Üks One
Kaks Two
Kolm Three
Jah Yes
Ei No
Mina/Ma I
Sina/Sa You (in singular)
Tema/Ta He/She
Meie/Me We
Teie/Te You (in plural)
Nemad/Nad They
Olen/Mina olen I am
Eesti Estonia
Maja House
Kodu Home
Tee Way


  1. Estonian at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
    Standard Estonian at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
    Võro at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  2. Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Estonian". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.