Eucalyptus viminalis

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Manna Gum
Eucalyptus viminalis
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Myrtales
Family: Myrtaceae
Genus: Eucalyptus
Species: E. viminalis
Binomial name
Eucalyptus viminalis
E. viminalis, field distribution

Eucalyptus viminalis, or Manna Gum, is also known as White Gum, Ribbon Gum or Viminalis. It is an Australian eucalypt.

It is a straight tree growing to about 40 metres tall. It has rough bark on the trunk and and the larger branches. The bark on the upper part of the tree peels away in long "ribbons" which can collect on the branches and surrounding ground.[1] The tree with the largest recorded diameter (324.7 cm) is at Woodbourne in Marlborough, New Zealand.[2]

E. viminalis grows in the cooler areas of Australia where the leaves are the favoured food of Koalas.[1] The sap has a 5–15% sugar content which makes it an essential food for tree dwelling marsupials like the Yellow-bellied Glider, and the Sugar Glider.

There are three subspecies:[3]

Timber is a pale pink to pinkish brown colour, often with distinctive light grey streaks. The attractive light pink tones of this species and its easy workability mean it is often used to make furniture. It has low strength and durability which makes it unsuitable for structural use, however some is used for house framing.

It can grow in temperatures as low as −15 degrees Celsius (+5 °F) or more making it suitable for planting in Europe.

References[change | edit source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 Costermans, L. 2006. Trees of Victoria and adjoining areas 6th ed. ISBN 0-9599105-4-9
  2. "Tree Information". The Zealand Tree Register. http://register.notabletrees.org.nz/tree/view/348. Retrieved 14 July 2011.
  3. Brooker, M.I.H., Kleinig, D.A. (2006). Field Guide to Eucalypts, Volume 1 South-eastern Australia. Blooming Books, Melbourne. ISBN 1-876473-52-5