Eugene Garfield

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Eugene Garfield
Eugene Garfield HD2007 Richard J. Bolte Sr. Award.TIF
Eugene Garfield at the Heritage Day awards in 2007
Eugene Eli Garfinkle[1]

(1925-09-16)September 16, 1925
New York City, New York
DiedFebruary 26, 2017(2017-02-26) (aged 91)[2]
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
Alma mater
Known for

Eugene Garfield (September 16, 1925 – February 26, 2017) was an American linguist and businessman, one of the founders of bibliometrics and scientometrics.[3] Garfield's work led to the development of several Information Retrieval algorithms, like HITS and Pagerank.

Garfield was born in New York City. He studied at the University of Pennsylvania. Garfield died on February 26, 2017 in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania from a heart attack, aged 91.[2]

Biography[change | change source]

Garfield was born in 1925 in New York City as Eugene Eli Garfinkle,[2] and was raised in a Lithuanian[4]-Italian Jewish family.[5]

He studied at the University of Colorado and University of California, Berkeley before getting a Bachelor of Science degree in chemistry from Columbia University in 1949.[6][7] Garfield also received a degree in Library Science from Columbia University in 1953.[8][9]

Working as a laboratory assistant at Columbia University after his graduation, Garfield indexed all previously synthesized compounds so that not to remake them, which helped him understand that his inclination to information towards science was bigger than towards chemistry.

In 1951, he got a position at the Welch Medical Library at Johns Hopkins University in Baltimore, Maryland, where most of the National Library of Medicine information systems were developed.

In 1956, Garfield founded the Institute for Scientific Information (ISI), which was located in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.[10] ISI formed a major part of the science division of Thomson Reuters.

Personal life[change | change source]

Garfield is survived by a wife, three sons, a daughter, a step-daughter, two granddaughters, and two great-grandchildren.[2][11][10]

References[change | change source]

  1. Garfield, Eugene Eli (1961). An Algorithm for Translating Chemical Names to Molecular Formulas. (PhD thesis). University of Pennsylvania. OCLC 1132327.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 "Scientometrics Pioneer Eugene Garfield Dies". The Scientist. February 27, 2017.
  3. Garfield, Eugene, Blaise Cronin, and Helen Barsky Atkins.The Web of Knowledge: A Festschrift in Honor of Eugene Garfield. Medford, N.J.: Information Today, 2000.
  4. "Deeds and Dreams of Eugene Garfield" (PDF). University of Pennsylvania. Retrieved 16 October 2013.
  5. Association, American Library (1993). World Encyclopedia of Library and Information Services. Chicago : American Library Association. ISBN 978-0-8389-0609-5. Retrieved 14 October 2013.
  6. "Eugene Garfield Biography".
  7. Elmes, John (2017). "Citation analytics pioneer Eugene Garfield dies, aged 91". Times Higher Education. London. Archived from the original on 2017-03-02.
  8. Wouters, Paul (2017-03-23). "Eugene Garfield (1925-2017)". Nature. 543 (7646): 492. Bibcode:2017Natur.543..492W. doi:10.1038/543492a. ISSN 0028-0836. PMID 28332532.
  9. Cronin, Blaise (2000). The Web on Knowledge. Medford, NJ: ASIS. p. 17. ISBN 978-1-57387-099-3.
  10. 10.0 10.1 Wiliams, Robert V. (July 29, 1997). Eugene Garfield, Transcript of an Interview Conducted by Robert V. Williams at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania on 29 July 1997 (PDF). Philadelphia, PA: Chemical Heritage Foundation.
  11. "Eugene Garfield tells his life story (video)".

Other websites[change | change source]