Extradition

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Extradition is a process by which someone who has committed a crime, or is suspected to have committed a crime is handed from one country to another. Generally, one country then makes a formal request to the other. Under international law, there is no obligation to extradite a person. There is a web of treaties, which state under what conditions extradition is possible.

In general:

  • The offense for which the person is sought must be punishable in both countries, usually it must also carry a minimum sentence.
  • The person extradited has the right to get a fair trial.
  • The trial must not be political in nature.
  • Many countries refuse extradition if there is the possibility of the death penalty being imposed, or of torture.
  • Many countries refuse to extradite their own nationals