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Eyre Peninsula

Coordinates: 34°S 136°E / 34°S 136°E / -34; 136
From Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Eyre Peninsula
South Australia
Eyre Peninsula is located in South Australia
Eyre Peninsula
Eyre Peninsula
Coordinates34°S 136°E / 34°S 136°E / -34; 136
Population58,700 (2011)
 • Density0.3443/km2 (0.892/sq mi)
Area170,500 km2 (65,830.4 sq mi)
LGA(s)See Local government areas
RegionEyre Western[1]
Far North[2]
State electorate(s)Flinders
Federal division(s)Grey

Eyre Peninsula is a triangle shaped peninsula in South Australia. On the east is Spencer Gulf, and on the west is the Great Australian Bight. Its north boundary is the Gawler Ranges. It is named after explorer Edward John Eyre who explored some of it in 1839-1841. The coastline was first explored by Matthew Flinders in 1801-1802. The west coast was also visited by Nicolas Baudin at around the same time.


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The peninsula was explored by John Charles Darke in 1844, who was killed by local Aborigines on his return to Port Lincoln.

The main towns are Port Lincoln on the southern point, Whyalla and Port Augusta at the north east, and Ceduna at the northwest. They are joined by the Eyre Highway across the inland edge, and the Flinders Highway and Lincoln Highway along the west and east coasts.

The major industry is farming - cereal crops, sheep, and cattle in the dry north area. More water-intensive farming such as dairy farming and growing wine industry happen in the south. Many coastal towns have commercial fishing. Port Lincoln had a large tuna fishing fleet, which is now changing to fish farming in bays along the coast. The Eyre Peninsula has a growing population of around 55,390 people.

There is a commercial nephrite jade mine near Cowell. Iron ore is mined in the hills near Iron Knob and taken by rail to Whyalla for smelting.

National Parks located on the Eyre Peninsula include Lincoln National Park, Coffin Bay National Park, Gawler Ranges National Park, and several conservation parks and reserves like Acraman Creek Conservation Park.

In January 2005, bushfires on the Eyre Peninsula killed nine people.


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The peninsular is served by the isolated narrow gauge Eyre Peninsula Railway.


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  1. "Eyre Western SA Government region" (PDF). The Government of South Australia. Archived from the original (PDF) on 16 December 2014. Retrieved 10 October 2014.
  2. "Far North SA Government Region" (PDF). Department of Planning, Transport and Infrastructure. Retrieved 10 October 2014.

Other websites

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