Federated States of Micronesia

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Federated States of Micronesia
Flag of the Federated States of Micronesia
Flag
Seal of the Federated States of Micronesia
Seal
Motto: "Peace, Unity, Liberty"
Location of the Federated States of Micronesia
Capital Palikir
Largest city Weno
Languages English (national)a
Ethnic groups (2000)
  • 48.8% Chuukese
  • 24.2% Pohnpeian
  • 6.2% Kosraean
  • 5.2% Yapese
  • 4.5% Outer Yapese
  • 1.8% Asian
  • 1.5% Polynesian
  • 6.4% other
  • 1.4% unknown
Demonym Micronesian
Government Federated presidential democratic republic
Peter M. Christian
Yosiwo P. George
Legislature Congress
Independence
November 3, 1986
Area
• Total
702 km2 (271 sq mi) (188th)
• Water (%)
negligible
Population
• 2013 estimate
106,104[1] (196th)
• Density
158.1/km2 (409.5/sq mi) (75th)
GDP (PPP) 2011 estimate
• Total
$310 million
• Per capita
$3,000
GDP (nominal) 2011 estimate
• Total
$277 million
• Per capita
$2,300
HDI (2013) Increase 0.645[2]
medium · 117th
Currency United States dollar (USD)
Time zone (UTC+10 and +11)
• Summer (DST)
not observed (UTC+10 and +11)
Drives on the right
Calling code +691
ISO 3166 code FM
Internet TLD .fm
  1. Regional languages used at state and municipal levels.

Micronesia, officially the Federated States of Micronesia, is an island nation in the Pacific Ocean, northeast of Papua New Guinea. The country is a sovereign state in free association with the United States. The capital city of Federated States of Micronesia is Palikir.

The Federated States of Micronesia were formerly part of the Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands, a United Nations Trust Territory under US administration. In 1979 they adopted a constitution, and in 1986 independence was attained under a Compact of Free Association with the United States. Present concerns include large-scale unemployment, overfishing, and overdependence on U.S. aid.

The Federated States of Micronesia is hundreds of small islands divided in seven territories in Micronesia. The term Micronesia may mean the Federated States or to the region as a whole. This area is in Oceania.

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