Federated States of Micronesia

From Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Federated States of Micronesia
Estados Federados de Micronesia
Seal of the Federated States of Micronesia
Motto: ‘Peace, Unity, Liberty’
Anthem: ‘Patriots of Micronesia
Location of the Federated States of Micronesia
6°55′N 158°11′E / 6.917°N 158.183°E / 6.917; 158.183
Largest townWeno[1]
Official language
and national languagea
Recognized regional
Ethnic groups
  • 48.8% Chuukese
  • 24.2% Pohnpeian
  • 6.2% Kosraean
  • 5.2% Yapese
  • 4.5% Outer Yapese
  • 1.8% Asian
  • 1.5% Polynesian
  • 6.4% other
  • 1.4% unknown
GovernmentFederated parliamentary republic under a non-partisan democracy
• President
Wesley Simina
Aren Palik
from the United States
November 3, 1986
• Total
702 km2 (271 sq mi) (177th)
• Water (%)
• 2021 estimate
113,131[2][3] (192nd)
• Density
158.1/km2 (409.5/sq mi) (75th)
GDP (PPP)2011 estimate
• Total
$310 million
• Per capita
GDP (nominal)2011 estimate
• Total
$277 million
• Per capita
Gini (2000)61.1[4]
very high
HDI (2015)Increase 0.638[5]
medium · 127th
CurrencyUnited States dollar (USD)
Time zoneUTC+10 and +11
• Summer (DST)
not observed
Date formatMM/DD/YYYY
Driving sideright
Calling code+691
ISO 3166 codeFM
Internet TLD.fm
  1. Regional languages used at state and municipal levels.

Micronesia, officially the Federated States of Micronesia, is an island nation in the Pacific Ocean, northeast of Papua New Guinea. The country is a sovereign state in free association with the United States. The capital city of Federated States of Micronesia is Palikir, Pohnpei.

The Federated States of Micronesia were formerly part of the Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands, a United Nations Trust Territory under US administration. In 1979, they adopted a constitution, and in 1986 independence was attained under a Compact of Free Association with the United States. Present concerns include large-scale unemployment, overfishing, and overdependence on U.S. aid.

The Federated States of Micronesia is hundreds of small islands divided in seven territories in Micronesia. The term Micronesia may mean the Federated States or to the region as a whole. This area is in Oceania.

History[change | change source]

The first people here lived about 3000 years ago. Spain colonized the islands in 1886, but sold them to Germany 3 years later.[6][7]

Related pages[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

  1. Summary Analysis of Key Indicators: from the FSM 2010 Census of Population and Housing (PDF). Palikir: Division of Statistics, Office of SBOC. p. 8. Retrieved 16 March 2018 – via Prism (SPC).
  2. "World Population Prospects 2022". population.un.org. United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. Retrieved July 17, 2022.
  3. "World Population Prospects 2022: Demographic indicators by region, subregion and country, annually for 1950-2100" (XSLX). population.un.org ("Total Population, as of 1 July (thousands)"). United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. Retrieved July 17, 2022.
  4. "GINI index". World Bank. Retrieved 26 July 2013.
  5. "2016 Human Development Report" (PDF). United Nations Development Programme. 2016. Retrieved 21 March 2017.
  6. "Micronesia - Government and society". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 2021-05-10.
  7. "Micronesia — History and Culture". www.iexplore.com. Retrieved 2021-05-10.

Other websites[change | change source]