Feminist Anthropology is one area of research in anthropology. Feminist anthropology is a theory that combines anthropology (the study of humans) and feminism (the political movement for the equal rights of women). The beginning of feminism in anthropology was influenced by the second wave feminism of the 1960s . Feminist anthropology changed how anthropologists study women. Feminist anthropology is important and impacts many areas of anthropology.
Importance[change | change source]
Feminist anthropology is important. Feminist anthropology led to an increase in research on women across cultures. Early feminist anthropologists questioned whether women were unequal to men everywhere in the world . Later feminist anthropologists questioned whether the idea of gender is the same everywhere in the world. Before the 1960s most anthropologists were men. Most anthropology research was about men. Women were left out of research as both the researcher and the subject. Feminist anthropologists were concerned about men's bias . Anthropology research was mostly from the point of view of men.
Impact[change | change source]
Feminist anthropologists came up with a few ways to fix male bias in anthropology. Feminist anthropologists deal with men's bias in systems, methods, and citations. Feminist anthropology tries to fix male bias by increasing the number of female anthropologists and female subjects. Feminist anthropology also tries to fix male bias by increasing the number of citations of female researchers. Feminist anthropology is still important today. Today women get more PhDs then men in anthropology. But men still get more anthropology jobs than women. Feminist anthropology can be applied to all four sub-fields of anthropology. The four sub-fields are cultural anthropology, biological anthropology (also called physical anthropology), archaeology, and linguistic anthropology. Feminist anthropology is used most often in cultural anthropology. Feminist anthropology is used with many other theories in anthropology like queer anthropology, agency theory, and decolonization.
Notable Feminist Anthropologists[change | change source]
- Marilyn Strathern
- Michelle Rosaldo
- Saba Mahmood
- Gayle Rubin
- Sherry Ortner
- Louise Lamphere
- Lila Abu-Lughod
- Rayna Rapp
- Emily Martin
- Catherine Lutz
References[change | change source]
- Erickson, Paul A.; Murphy, Liam D. (2017). A History of Anthropological Theory (5th ed.). Toronto, Ontario: University of Toronto Press. pp. 136–144. ISBN 978-1-4426-3683-5.
- Ortner, Sherry (1974). "Is female to male as nature is to culture?". In Rosaldo, Michelle Zimbalist; Lamphere, Lousie (eds.). Woman, Culture, and Society. Stanford University Press. pp. 67–87. ISBN 978-0804708517.
- Lutz, Catherine (1995). "The Gender of Theory". In Behar, Ruth; Gordon, Deborah (eds.). Women Writing Culture. University of California Press. pp. 249–266. ISBN 978-0520202085.
- Speakman, RJ; Hadden, CS; Colvin, MH; Cramb, J; Jones, KC; Jones, TW; Lulewicz, I; Napora, KG et al. (September 2018). "Market share and recent hiring trends in anthropology faculty positions". PLoS ONE 13 (9). doi:10.1371. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0202528.