Fethullah Gülen

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Fethullah Gülen
Born (1941-04-27) 27 April 1941 (age 83)
EraModern era
RegionMuslim scholar
SchoolHanafi, Sufi
Main interests
Sufism, Mainstream Islamic thought, education, interfaith dialogue among the People of the Book
Notable ideas
Service (hizmet); interfaith dialogue; civil society

Muhammed Fethullah Gülen (born 27 April 1941), better known as Fethullah Gülen, is a Turkish preacher, author, educator and Muslim scholar. He lives in self-imposed exile in Pennsylvania, United States.

Gülen teaches a moderate version of Sunni / Hanafi Islam, derived from Said Nursi's teachings and modernizing them. Gülen condemns terrorism,[1] supports communication between people of different religions, and has initiated dialogue with the Vatican and some Jewish organisations.[2] Until 2013 he was an ally of President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan, who later blamed him for the 2016 Turkish coup d'état attempt. He operates a worldwide organisation called the Gülen Movement also known as FETÖ.[3]

Teachings[change | change source]

Fethullah Gülen's attitude towards hijab has changed over time.[4][5] In the past, Gülen, who regarded the unwinding of even a strand of women's hair as a great sin, suggested that women should cover their whole body by using veils and gloves. In his last speeches, Gülen evaluated the headscarf as a füruat (minor details).[4][6][7][7][8][9][10][11]

Creationism: According to Gülen, the Universe is a work of creation that has a purpose, and the purpose of existence is to know Allah and science can gain value if it serves this purpose.

For him, to allow views opposed to belief in creation is a devastating delusion and evolution is a Darwin fallacy.[source?]

According to Gülene, the creation of Adam as the first human and Eve from Adam's file bone are miracle creations that should not be addressed in the context of cause-effect relationship.

He wrote his anti-evolutionary ideas in his book "The Truth of Creation and Evolution". This book was prepared by compiling his speeches at the meetings he held against Darwinism and evolution. In the book he states that biology science is a "fantasy" and that the greatest biology fantasy is the theory of evolution.

References[change | change source]

  1. "Fethullah Gülen: A life dedicated to peace and humanity - True Muslims Cannot Be Terrorists". Archived from the original on 2014-09-17. Retrieved 2010-05-28.
  2. Toward a Global Civilization of Love and Tolerance
  3. https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-europe-36855846
  4. 4.0 4.1 Template:Web kaynağı
  5. Fethullah Gülen yazı dizisi, Cumhuriyet Erişim 19/09/2012
  6. Template:Web kaynağı
  7. 7.0 7.1 http://www.tesbihat.asia/joomla/index.php/dinleraras-diyalog/fethullah-guelen/tuerkiye-nas-l-kusat-ld/2347-son-20-y-ld-r-her-huekuemette-fethullahc-bakanlar-oldu.html[permanent dead link] Template:Ölü bağlantı
  8. Template:Web kaynağı
  9. Template:Web kaynağı
  10. http://www.tesbihat.asia/joomla/index.php/fethullah-guelen/yalanlar/88-kadn-ve-tuerban.html[permanent dead link] Template:Ölü bağlantı
  11. Template:Web kaynağı