First Syrian Republic

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Syrian Republic

République syrienne (French)
الجمهورية السورية (Arabic)
al-Jumhūrīyah as-Sūrīyah
1930–1950
Anthem: حُمَاةَ الدِّيَار
"Ħumāt ad-Diyār"
(transl. "Guardians of the Homeland")[1]
Territory of the Syrian Republic as proposed in the unratified Franco-Syrian Treaty of 1936. (Lebanon was not part of the plan). In 1938, Alexandretta was also excluded.
Territory of the Syrian Republic as proposed in the unratified Franco-Syrian Treaty of 1936. (Lebanon was not part of the plan).
In 1938, Alexandretta was also excluded.
StatusComponent of the Mandate of Syria and the Lebanon (1930–1946)
CapitalDamascus
Common languagesArabic, French, Syriac, Armenian, Kurdish, Turkish
Religion
Islam (all branches incl. Alawite), Christianity, Judaism, Druzism, Yezidism
GovernmentFrench Mandate
(1930–1946)
Parliamentary republic
(1946–1950)
High Commissioner 
• 1930–1933 (first)
Henri Ponsot
• 1944–1946 (last)
Paul Beynet [fr]
President 
• 1932–1936 (first)
Muhammad Ali al-Abid
• 1945–1949 (last)
Shukri al-Quwatli
Prime Minister 
• 1932–1934 (first)
Haqqi al-Azm
• 1950 (last)
Nazim al-Kudsi
Historical era20th century
• Republic formed
14 May 1930
9 September 1936
7 September 1938
• Syrian sovereignty / UN admission
24 October 1945
• Withdrawal of French troops
17 April 1946
5 September 1950
Area
1938189,880 km2 (73,310 sq mi)
Population
• 1938
2,721,379
CurrencySyrian pound
Preceded by
Succeeded by
1930:
State of Syria
1936:
Alawite State
Jabal Druze State
1938:
Hatay State
1950:
Second Syrian Republic
Today part ofIsrael (disputed)
Syria
Turkey

The First Syrian Republic,[2][a] officially the Syrian Republic,[b] was formed in 1930 as a component of the French Mandate of Syria and Lebanon, succeeding the State of Syria.

Notes[change | change source]

  1. Arabic: الجمهورية السورية الأولى[3]
  2. Arabic: الجمهورية السوريةal-Jumhūrīyah as-Sūrīyah; French: République syrienne[source?]

References[change | change source]

  1. www.nationalanthems.info
  2. Karim Atassi (2018). Syria, the Strength of an Idea. p. 179. ISBN 9781107183605.
  3. عزت, دروزة، محمد (1959). العرب والعروبة: من القرن الثالث حتى القرن الرابع عشر الهجري. p. 668.

Coordinates: 35°00′00″N 38°00′00″E / 35.0000°N 38.0000°E / 35.0000; 38.0000