Flemish Brabant

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Flemish Brabant
Vlaams-Brabant  (Dutch)
Flag of Flemish Brabant
Coat of arms of Flemish Brabant
Location of Flemish Brabant
Coordinates: 50°55′N 04°35′E / 50.917°N 4.583°E / 50.917; 4.583Coordinates: 50°55′N 04°35′E / 50.917°N 4.583°E / 50.917; 4.583
Country Belgium
Region Flanders
Capital
(and largest city)
Leuven
Government
 • GovernorJan Spooren (N-VA)
Area
 • Total2,118 km2 (818 sq mi)
Population
 (1 January 2022)[2]
 • Total1,173,440
 • Density554/km2 (1,430/sq mi)
HDI (2019)0.946[3]
very high · 3rd of 11
Websitewww.vlaamsbrabant.be

Flemish Brabant [4] (Dutch: Vlaams-Brabant, French: Brabant flamand, German: Flämisch-Brabant) is the youngest and smallest province of the Flemish Region, one of the three regions of Belgium. It covers the Dutch-speaking northern part of the former province of Brabant. Flemish Brabant also completely surrounds the Brussels-Capital Region, which forms an enclave within the territory of the province.

Its capital, and also the largest city of the province, is the university city of Leuven (French: Louvain, often used in English).

History[change | change source]

Flemish in Flemish Brabant means that it is in the Flemish part of the former province of Brabant of Belgium. Brabant was an old region, the Duchy of Brabant. The word Brabant appears for the first time in the seventh century when the abbey of Nivelles was founded in the pagus Bracbatensis[5] (pagus is a Latin word meaning a very small town, with only few houses).

Flemish Brabant was created in 1995 by the splitting of the former province of Brabant into three parts: two new provinces, Flemish Brabant and Walloon Brabant; and the Brussels-Capital Region, which no longer belongs to any province.[6] The split was made to accommodate the eventual division of Belgium in three regions (Flanders, Wallonia and the Brussels-Capital Region).

Geography[change | change source]

The province borders on (clockwise from the North) the Belgian provinces of Antwerp, Limburg, Liège, Walloon Brabant, Hainaut and East Flanders.

The province has an area of 2,118 km2 (818 sq mi); it is about 90 km (56 mi) long (east-west direction) and about 40 km (25 mi) wide (north-south direction).

It has a population of about 1,173,000 in 2022.

The province is divided into two districts (arrondissements in French and arrondissementen in Dutch) with 65 municipalities.

The main rivers of the province are the Dyle, the Demer and the Zenne.

Administrative divisions[change | change source]

The province of Flemish Brabant is divided into two districts: Halle-Vilvoorde has Brussels in its middle and, therefore, is mainly a residential area, but it also has large industrial zones; the other district is Leuven, centered on the city of Leuven.


Map of the 65 municipalities of Flemish Brabant
(names are in the following table)
Leuven, the university library.
Municipalities by arrondissements,
with their numbers in the map
Halle-Vilvoorde Leuven
Arrondissement Halle-Vilvoorde Belgium Map.png Arrondissement Leuven Belgium Map.png

Population by arrondissement[change | change source]

Population x 1,000 (on 1 January since 1980).[7]

Arrondissement 1970 ¹ 1980 ¹ 1990 ¹ 2000 2010 2020
Halle-Vilvoorde 418 514 534 558 593 644
Leuven 389 412 430 456 483 512
Province of Flemish Brabant (807) (926) (964) 1014 1077 1156

The province of Flemish Brabant did not exist before 1995.

References[change | change source]

  1. "Bodembezetting volgens het Kadasterregister". statbel.fgov.be.
  2. "Structuur van de bevolking". statbel.fgov.be.
  3. "Sub-national HDI - Area Database - Global Data Lab".{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  4. Official name is Provincie Vlaams-Brabant (Dutch).
  5. "Histoire". Province du Brabant wallon (in French). Archived from the original on 1 September 2013. Retrieved 29 August 2013.
  6. "History". Provincie Vlaams-Brabant. Archived from the original on 13 March 2014. Retrieved 5 September 2013.
  7. Institut national de statistique - Direction générale Statistique et information économique

Other websites[change | change source]