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Florence (Italian: Firenze) is the capital city of the region of Tuscany (Toscana), in Italy. From 1865 to 1870 the city was also the capital of the Kingdom of Italy. Florence is on the Arno River. The city has a population of around 400,000 people, and a suburban population of over 2,000,000 persons. The greater area has some 956,000 people. The city was a center of medieval European trade and finance. It is often considered the birthplace of the Italian Renaissance and was long ruled by the Medici family. Florence is also famous for its fine art and architecture. It is said that, of the 1,000 most important European artists of the second millennium, 350 lived or worked in Florence.
Buildings and monuments[change | change source]
- Institute and Museum of the History of Science
- La Specola
- Museo di Storia Naturale di Firenze
- National Archaeological Museum
- Palazzo Davanzati
- Palazzo Fenzi
- Palazzo Medici Riccardi
- Palazzo Mozzi
- Palazzo Pitti
- Palazzo Rucellai
- Palazzo Spini Feroni
- Palazzo Strozzi
- Studiolo of Francesco I
- Palazzo Vecchio
- Duomo di Santa Maria del Fiore
- Battistero di San Giovanni (Florence)
- Basilica della Santissima Annunziata
- Basilica di Santa Croce
- Basilica di San Lorenzo
- Basilica di Santa Maria Novella
- Badìa Fiorentina
- Gesù Pellegrino
- Santi Apostoli
- San Barnaba
- San Filippo Neri
- San Gaetano
- San Giovanni di Dio
- San Giovannino dei Cavalieri
- San Giovannino degli Scolopi
- San Giuseppe
- Santa Lucia
- San Marco
- Santa Margherita de'Cerchi
- Santa Margherita in Santa Maria de'Ricci
- Santa Maria degli Angeli
- Santa Maria dei Candeli
- Santa Maria della Croce al Tempio
- Santa Maria Maddalena dei Pazzi
- Santa Maria Maggiore
- Santa Maria Sovraporta (deconsecrated)
- Santa Maria della Tromba
- San Martino del Vescovo
- San Michele Visdomini
- San Pancrazio (deconsecrated)
- San Paolino
- San Pier Scheraggio (destroyed)
- San Remigio
- Santa Reparata (destroyed)
- San Salvatore al Vescovo
- San Salvi
- San Simone
- Santo Stefano al Ponte
- Santa Trìnita
- Basilica di San Miniato al Monte
- San Carlo dei Barnabiti
- San Felice
- Santa Felicita
- San Francesco di Paola
- San Frediano in Cestello
- San Giorgio sulla Costa
- San Jacopo sopr'Arno
- San Leonardo in Arcetri
- Santa Lucia dei Magnoli
- Santa Maria del Carmine
- Santa Maria al Pignone
- Santa Monica
- San Niccolò sopr'Arno
- San Piero in Gattolino
- Santa Rosa
- San Salvatore al Monte
- Santo Spirito
- San Vito
Famous people born in Florence[change | change source]
- Leone Battista Alberti, polymath.
- Dante Alighieri, poet.
- Filippo Brunelleschi, famous architect.
- Giovanni Boccaccio, famous poet.
- Giotto di Bondone, early 14th century painter
- Michelangelo Buonarroti, a famous sculptor, also famous for painting the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel.
- The Medici Family
- Girolamo Mei, historian and humanist
- Lorenzo Ghiberti, sculptor
- Donatello, sculptor
- Raphael, painter.
- Leonardo da Vinci, famous for his Mona Lisa and other paintings, inventions, and scientific experiments.
- Niccolò Machiavelli, famous Renaissance poet and philosopher
- Giorgio Vasari, painter, architect, and historian
- Galileo Galilei, Italian physicist, astronomer, and philosopher.
- Oriana Fallaci, journalist and author
- Florence Nightingale, pioneer of modern nursing, and a noted statistician.
- Salvatore Ferragamo, Legendary "shoemaker to the stars"
Sister cities[change | change source]
- Beirut, Lebanon
- Gemlik, Turkey
- Voždovac, Serbia
- Kraków, Poland
- Athens, Greece
- Dresden, Germany
- Kassel, Germany
- Edinburgh, Scotland
- St. Petersburg, Russia
- Granada, Spain
- Reims, France
- Riga, Latvia
- Turku, Finland
- Istanbul, Turkey
- El Aaiún, Morocco
- Asmara, Eritrea
- Malmö, Sweden
- Fes, Morocco
- Gaziantep, Turkey
- Isfahan, Iran
- Kiev, Ukraine
- Kuwait City, Kuwait
- Kyoto, Japan
- Nanjing, People's Republic of China
- Nazareth, Israel
- Philadelphia, United States
- Providence, United States
- Salvador, Bahia, Brazil
- Sydney, Australia
- Tirana, Albania
- Valladolid, Spain
- Yerevan, Armenia
Parks[change | change source]
- Boboli's Garden: a historic park of Florence, joined with Pitti Palace and with Forte di Belvedere. The garden is visited every year by 800.000 tourists, it's famous for it's flowers and for the very old sculptures.
- Bobolino's Garden: It is a public park in Florence,near "Porta Romana",the park gains the name by the most famous "Boboli's Garden",the Bobolino's Garden is smaller than the Boboli's Garden.
- Bardini's Garden: The garden is in the hills of south of the city,near the "Forte Belvedere", near the Boboli's Garden. By Piazzale Michelangelo the park is visible. In June 2007, the garden opened after a big work of re-building.
- Garden of Roses: a very nice park in the "Oltrarno" zone,near Piazzale Michelangelo,in "Giuseppe Poggi" Street.
- Garden of Iris: a green park in the east of Piazzale Michelangelo,it's open to tourists just in May.
- Park of Cascine: called friendly "Le Cascine", it's the biggest public garden in Florence.
- Garden of Semplici: the garden is a part of "Museum of history and nature of Florence University".
- Orti Oricellari: Orti Oricellari is a small monumental garden near Santa Maria Novella, The garden was owened by "Rucellai Family".
Sport[change | change source]
The football team of Florence is the Fiorentina.
Cuisine[change | change source]
The food of Florence is based more on peasant eating rather than expensive cooking. Most of foods are based on meat. The whole animal was usually eaten. Many kinds of tripe, (trippa) and (lampredotto) were commonly served. They are still sold at the food carts in the city. Antipasti include crostini toscani, sliced bread topped with a chicken liver-based pâté. Also common are sliced meats (mainly prosciutto and salami). They are often served with melon when it is in season. Tuscan bread has no salt or butter. It is used often in Florentine meals. It is very common in the local soups, ribollita and pappa al pomodoro, Both soups are usually served with local olive oil. The bread is also used in the salad of bread and fresh vegetables called panzanella that is served in summer. The most famous main course is the bistecca alla fiorentina. It is a huge steak of Chianina beef that is cooked over hot charcoal. It is served very rare with the tagliata, sliced rare beef served on a bed of arugula, often with slices of parmesan cheese on top.
Climate[change | change source]
|Avg high [°C](°F)||10 (50)||12 (54)||15 (59)||19 (66)||23 (74)||28 (82)||31 (88)||31 (87)||27 (80)||21 (70)||15 (59)||11 (51)||20 (68)|
|Avg low temperature [°C](°F)||2 (35)||3 (37)||5 (41)||8 (46)||11 (52)||15 (59)||17 (63)||17 (63)||14 (58)||10 (50)||6 (42)||2 (36)||9 (49)|
|Rainfall [inches](millimeters)||2.90 (73.60)||2.70 (68.58)||3.20 (81.28)||3.10 (78.74)||2.90 (73.66)||2.20 (55.88)||1.60 (40.64)||3.00 (76.20)||3.10 (78.74)||3.50 (88.90)||4.40 (111.76)||3.60 (91.44)||36.20 (919.48)|
Florence has a mixed Mediterranean climate and humid subtropical climate, with hot and humid summers and cool and damp winters. Florence is especially hot from June to August (surrounded by hills in a valley cut by the Arno river). Summer temperatures are higher than those along coastlines. Winter has some snow.
Panorama[change | change source]
Images[change | change source]
Other websites[change | change source]
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Florence.|