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Francesco Borromini

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Francesco Borromini
Borromini (anonymous youth portrait)
Francesco Castelli

(1599-09-25)25 September 1599
Bissone, Condominiums of the Twelve Cantons (Italian possessions of the Old Swiss Confederacy)
Died2 August 1667(1667-08-02) (aged 67)
BuildingsSan Carlo alle Quattro Fontane, Sant'Agnese in Agone, Sant'Ivo alla Sapienza, Oratorio dei Filippini

Francesco Borromini (/ˌbɒrəˈmni/,[1] Italian: [franˈtʃesko borroˈmiːni]), also called Francesco Castelli (Italian: [kaˈstɛlli]; 25 September 1599 – 2 August 1667),[2] was an Italian architect. He was born in the Swiss canton of Ticino.[3] He was an influential person in making Roman Baroque architecture.[4][5]

He was inspired by Michelangelo's works and the ruins of Antiquity. He created his own type of architecture using types of Classical architecture. He used geometry and put symbolism into his works. He was probably a self-taught taught scholar.

Borromini was often sad and quick to anger. This resulted in him quitting some of his jobs.[6] His conflicts led him to suicide in 1667.

He did not have lots of influence at first. However, as time went on, his work was visible in other works.[7] After the late 1800s, Borromini's work became popular for its inventiveness.


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  1. "Borromini, Francesco". Lexico UK English Dictionary. Oxford University Press. Archived from the original on 2020-06-09.
  2. Peter Stein. "Borromini, Francesco." Grove Art Online. Oxford Art Online. Oxford University Press. Web. 25 Jul. 2013. <http://www.oxfordartonline.com/subscriber/article/grove/art/T010190>
  3. "Francesco Borromini." Encyclopædia Britannica. Web. 30 Oct. 2010.
  4. "Symposia Melitensia" (PDF). University of Malta Junior College. September 2017. ISSN 1812-7509.
  5. Wieland, Martin; Gorraiz, Juan (28 May 2020). "The rivalry between Bernini and Borromini from a scientometric perspective". Scientometrics. 125 (2): 1643–1663. doi:10.1007/s11192-020-03514-5. ISSN 1588-2861. S2CID 214747325.
  6. Blunt, Anthony (1979), Borromini, Harvard University Press, Belknap, p. 21
  7. Blunt,(1979), p. 213-7

Other websites

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