French Fourth Republic

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French Republic
République française (French)
1946–1958
National emblem (unofficial) of France
National emblem
(unofficial)
Motto: "Liberté, égalité, fraternité"
"Liberty, Equality, Fraternity"
Anthem: "La Marseillaise"
Great Seal:
Obverse Reverse
  Metropolitan France   Saar Protectorate
Capital
and largest city
Paris
48°51′N 2°21′E / 48.850°N 2.350°E / 48.850; 2.350
Official languageFrench
Religion
Secular state[a]

In Alsace-Moselle

Demonym(s)French
GovernmentUnitary parliamentary republic
President 
• 1947–1954
Vincent Auriol
• 1954–1959
René Coty
Prime Minister 
• 1947 (first)
Paul Ramadier
• 1958–1959 (last)
Charles de Gaulle
LegislatureParliament
Council of the Republic
National Assembly
Historical era
13 October 1946
• Fourth Republic
27 October 1946
13 March 1954
1 November 1954
17 March 1948
13 May 1958
28 September 1958
4 October 1958
Area
1957889,898 km2 (343,592 sq mi)
Currency
ISO 3166 codeFR
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Provisional Government of the French Republic
French Fifth Republic
French Community
Today part of France
 Algeria

The French Fourth Republic (French: Quatrième république française) was the republican government of France between 1946 and 1958, governed by the fourth republican constitution.

It was in many ways a revival of the Third Republic that was in place from 1870 during the Franco-Prussian War to 1940 during World War II, and suffered many of the same problems.[1]

Notes[change | change source]

  1. Excluding Alsace-Moselle

References[change | change source]

  1. Crozier, Brian; Mansell, Gerard (July 1960). "France and Algeria". International Affairs. 36 (3): 310–321. doi:10.2307/2610008. JSTOR 2610008.