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Fumimaro Konoe

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Fumimaro Konoe
近衞 文麿
Konoe in 1938
Prime Minister of Japan
In office
22 July 1940 – 18 October 1941
Preceded byMitsumasa Yonai
Succeeded byHideki Tōjō
In office
4 June 1937 – 5 January 1939
Preceded bySenjūrō Hayashi
Succeeded byKiichirō Hiranuma
Personal details
Born(1891-10-12)12 October 1891
Tokyo, Japan
Died16 December 1945(1945-12-16) (aged 54)
Tekigai-sō, Tokyo, Japan
Cause of deathSuicide by cyanide
Political partyImperial Rule Assistance Association (1940–1945)
Other political
Independent (Before 1940)
Spouse(s)Konoe Chiyoko (1896–1980)
Alma materKyoto Imperial University

Prince[1] Fumimaro Konoe (Japanese: 近衞 文麿, Hepburn: Konoe Fumimaro, often Konoye,[2] 12 October 1891 – 16 December 1945) was a Japanese politician and prime minister from 1937 to 1939 and again from 1940 to 1941.


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  1. Although – in accordance with the system adopted by the Japanese imperial government from the Meiji period through the end of WWII – the official English translation of Konoe's title was "prince", the title of kōshaku (公爵 [ja]) was actually a closer equivalent to "duke".
  2. "KONOE OR KONOYE?". Rafu Shimpo. 2 June 1937. p. 6. Is It Konoe or Konoye? The name of the new Premier of Japan, pronounced with the stress on the second syllable and a definite sounding of the letter 'e' as in 'let', is spelled in English as Konoe, according to the officially recognized Japan Yearbook. The full name is Prince Ayamaro [sic] Konoe. Reference to the Premier as Prince Fumimaro Konoye is not incorrect, however.

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