The Gandalf Awards honor excellent writing in in fantasy literature. The World Science Fiction Society gave the awards each year from 1974 to 1981. They were named for Gandalf the wizard from the Middle-earth stories by J. R. R. Tolkien. The award was started and sponsored by Lin Carter and the Swordsmen and Sorcerers' Guild of America (SAGA). People at the World Science Fiction Conventions voted to choose the winners. They used the same rules as the older Hugo Awards.
Gandalf Grand Master Award[change | change source]
The next four Grand Masters were all members of the SAGA: Fritz Leiber, L. Sprague de Camp, Andre Norton, and Poul Anderson. The last three were Ursula K. Le Guin, Ray Bradbury, and C. L. Moore.
- 1974 - J. R. R. Tolkien
- 1975 - Fritz Leiber
- 1976 - L. Sprague de Camp
- 1977 - Andre Norton
- 1978 - Poul Anderson
- 1979 - Ursula K. Le Guin
- 1980 - Ray Bradbury
- 1981 - C. L. Moore
There was no voting in 1981.
Gandalf Award for Book-Length Fantasy[change | change source]
The Gandalf Award for Book-Length Fantasy was awarded only in 1978 and 1979. Again the first winner was Tolkien. The winning book was The Silmarillion with Christopher Tolkien as editor. The second was The White Dragon by Anne McCaffrey. Fantasy fiction often wins the older Hugo Award for Best Novel, so Worldcon organizers thought the Gandalf Award may be a duplicate and this was not awarded again.
- 1978 - The Silmarillion, J. R. R. Tolkien, edited by Christopher Tolkien
- 1979 - The White Dragon, Anne McCaffrey
References[change | change source]
- "Lin Carter Dies" (obituary) in Locus, March 1988, p. 69.
- Gandalf Award and subsidiary pages. The Internet Speculative Fiction Database. Retrieved 2011-07-29.
- The Locus Index to SF Awards: About the Gandalf
- The Locus Index to SF Awards: Gandalf Winners by Category
- 1981 Gandalf Award. The Internet Speculative Fiction Database. Retrieved 2011-07-29.