The gauss (symbol G) is the CGS unit used to measure magnetic fields. One gauss is defined as one maxwell per square centimeter. The tesla (symbol T) is the SI derived unit used to measure the strength of magnetic fields. There are 10,000 (104) gauss in one tesla.
The unit is named in honor of the German mathematician and physicist Carl Friedrich Gauss.
Example values[change | change source]
- 10−9–10−8 gauss – the magnetic field of the human brain
- 0.31–0.58 gauss – the Earth's magnetic field at its surface
- 25 gauss – the Earth's magnetic field in its core
- 50 gauss – a typical refrigerator magnet
- 100 gauss – a small iron magnet
- 600-70,000 gauss – a medical magnetic resonance imaging machine
- 1012–1013 gauss – the magnetic field on the surface of a neutron star
- 4×1013 gauss – the quantum electrodynamic threshold
- 1015 gauss – the magnetic field of some newly created magnetars
- 1017 gauss – the upper limit to neutron star magnetism; no known object in the universe can generate a stronger magnetic field
References[change | change source]
- ↑ "Medical Daily: First measurement of magnetic field in Earth's core". First measurement of magnetic field in Earth's core. Medical Daily. Archived from the original on 20 December 2010. Retrieved 5 April 2013.
- ↑ 2.0 2.1 "How strong are magnets?". Experiments with magnets and our surroundings. Magcraft. Retrieved 5 April 2013.
- ↑ 3.0 3.1 "Magnetars, Soft Gamma Repeaters and Very Strong Magnetic Fields". Robert C. Duncan, University of Texas at Austin. March 2003. Archived from the original on 11 June 2007. Retrieved 5 April 2013.