Geoffroea decorticans

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Geoffroea decorticans
Geoffroea decorticans0.jpg
G. decorticans in the Argentine pampa
Scientific classification
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Species:
G. decorticans
Binomial name
Geoffroea decorticans
Geoffroea decorticans distribution.svg
Range of Geoffroea decorticans.[1]
Synonyms

See text.

The Geoffroea decorticans or Chañar is a small tree in the pea family, Fabaceae. It is found in very arid places of southern South America. It is a deciduous tree that loses its leaves in winter with the cold and also in summer if it gets too dry.

Description[change | change source]

Geoffraea decorticans trunk
Geoffraea decorticans fruit
Flowers of Geoffroea decorticans

The trunk of Geoffroea decorticans grows vertically when grows alone but the plant looks like a shrub when it grows inside the forest. The tree grows up to 3–10 m (9.8–32.8 ft) tall.

The trunk could have up to 40 cm (16 in) in diameter, with yellow bark that peels off, revealing the underneath young green bark. The plant has many branches and many leaves, and the tree have a rounded look in its upper part.

The flowers are very visible, small, papery and yellow-coloured. The tree produces flowers in spring (September to October, in the Southern hemisphere), either singly or in groups ("clusters)", and produces fruits from November to January.

Geoffroea decorticans is unique among legumes in that it produces fleshy, oval pods that hold a single seed. Fruits are initially green but turn deep orange as they mature.

Name[change | change source]

The second name of the species, decorticans, means that the bark of the trunk peels off.

Common names for this tree are chañar, Chilean palo verde and kumbaru.[2]

Synonyms[change | change source]

The species have the following synonyms:[1]

  • Gourliea decorticans var. subtropicalis Lillo
  • Geoffroea decorticans var. subtropicalis (Lillo) Burkart
  • Geoffroya spinosa (Molina) M. de Moussy
  • Gourliea spinosa (Molina) Skeels
  • Gourliea chilensis Clos
  • Gourliea decorticans Gillies ex Hook. & Arn.
  • Gourliea decorticata Walp.
  • Lucuma spinosa Molina

Where it grows[change | change source]

The plant grows naturally in very dry regions in South America. Geoffroea decorticans is found in Argentina (northwest and central), Bolivia, northern Chile, western Paraguay, southern Peru and western Uruguay.[3] [4] [5]

The chañar grows from sea level up to 2,300 m (7,546 ft) above sea level. In Chile, it grows in the Arica and Parinacota, Tarapacá, Antofagasta, Atacama and Coquimbo regions, and grows in groups called Spanish: chañarales, in plural (Spanish: chañaral in singular).[6]

Uses[change | change source]

Geoffroea decorticans is an average tree with a wood moderately hard and dense, good for carpentry and furniture making. It is also used as firewood and to make cheap posts (tall sticks) for fences.

The fruits are sweet and can be eaten, as well as the seeds; both are used as human and animal feed. The fruits are very commonly used for both cooking and medical purposes in the processed form of chañar molasses.

Because they produce many bright, yellow flowers, Geoffroea decorticans is also used as ornamental plants.

References[change | change source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 Ireland H, Pennington RT (2013). "A revision of Geoffroea (Leguminosae: Papilionoideae)". Edinburgh Journal of Botany 56 (3): 329–347. doi:10.1017/S0960428600001293. 
  2. "Geoffroea decorticans - Common names". Encyclopedia of Life. Retrieved 21 August 2016.
  3. "Geoffroea decorticans - Distribution". Encyclopedia of Life. Retrieved 21 August 2016.
  4. "Taxon: Geoffroea decorticans (Gillies ex Hook. & Arn.) Burkart". U.S. National Plant Germplasm System. Retrieved 21 August 2016.
  5. "Taxon: Geoffroea decorticans (Gillies ex Hook. & Arn.) Burkart". Plant Gene Resources of Canada. Retrieved 21 August 2016.
  6. "Geoffroea decorticans - Chañar" (in Spanish). Chilebosque. Retrieved 21 August 2016.

Other websites[change | change source]