Georgia (U.S. state)

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Georgia
State of Georgia
Nickname(s): 
Peach State, Empire State of the South
Motto(s): 
"Wisdom, Justice, Moderation"
Anthem: "Georgia on My Mind"
Map of the United States with Georgia highlighted
Map of the United States with Georgia highlighted
CountryUnited States
Before statehoodProvince of Georgia
Admitted to the UnionJanuary 2, 1788 (4th)
Capital
(and largest city)
Atlanta
Largest metroMetro Atlanta
Government
 • GovernorBrian Kemp (R)
 • Lieutenant GovernorGeoff Duncan (R)
LegislatureGeorgia General Assembly
 • Upper houseState Senate
 • Lower houseHouse of Representatives
U.S. senatorsDavid Perdue (R)
Kelly Loeffler (R)
U.S. House delegation9 Republicans
5 Democrats (list)
Area
 • Total59,425 sq mi (153,909 km2)
 • Land57,906 sq mi (149,976 km2)
 • Water1,519 sq mi (3,933 km2)  2.6%
Area rank24th
Dimensions
 • Length298 mi (480 km)
 • Width230 mi (370 km)
Elevation
600 ft (180 m)
Highest elevation4,784 ft (1,458 m)
Lowest elevation
(Atlantic Ocean[1])
0 ft (0 m)
Population
 (2019)
 • Total10,617,423
 • Rank8th
 • Density165/sq mi (65.4/km2)
 • Density rank18th
 • Median household income
$56,183[3]
 • Income rank
33rd
Demonym(s)Georgian
Language
 • Official languageEnglish
 • Spoken languageEnglish
Spanish (7.42%)
Other (2.82%)
Time zoneUTC−05:00 (Eastern)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−04:00 (EDT)
USPS abbreviation
GA
ISO 3166 codeUS-GA
Trad. abbreviationGa.
Latitude30.356–34.985° N
Longitude80.840–85.605° W
Websitewww.georgia.gov

Georgia is a state in the southeastern part of the United States. It is bordered by Florida to the south, Alabama to the west, Tennessee and North Carolina to the north, and South Carolina to the east. All of Georgia's coastline is on the Atlantic Ocean. The ocean borders Georgia to the southeast.

Georgia was established in 1732 and became a state in 1788. It was the last of the original 13 colonies and eventually joined in the growing rebellion against Britain. Georgia was named after George II of Great Britain.

The 5 Regions of Georgia[change | change source]

There are 5 regional habitats of Georgia. They are the Georgia mountains, Okeefenokee marsh/swamp area, the Georgia coastal region, the Georgia Piedmont, and Atlantic Coastal region .

Cities in Georgia[change | change source]

The capital and largest city in Georgia is Atlanta. The 1996 Olympic Games took place there, and the book and movie Gone with the Wind was set in and around Atlanta in the 1860s. Other big cities in the state include Augusta, Columbus, Savannah, and Macon. Georgia has a total of 159 counties.

Notes[change | change source]

Related pages[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 "Elevations and Distances in the United States". United States Geological Survey. 2001. Archived from the original on July 22, 2012. Retrieved October 21, 2011.
  2. Elevation adjusted to North American Vertical Datum of 1988.
  3. "Median Annual Household Income". The Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation. Retrieved December 9, 2016.