Ghiyas ud din Balban

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Ghiyas ud din Balban
Sultan of Delhi's Empire
Sultan Ghayas-ud-Din Balban.jpg
9th Sultan of Delhi
Reign1266–1286
PredecessorNasiruddin Mahmud
SuccessorMuiz ud din Qaiqabad (grandson)
Born1216
Delhi
Died1287
(aged of 71)
Burial
Issue
HouseHouse of Mamluk
ReligionSunni Islam

Ghiyas-ud-din Balban was a famous and one of the most powerful sultans of the Delhi Sultanate of India. The real name of Ghiyas-ud-din Balban was Ulugh Khan. His famous titles were Nabāb-e-Khudā (Acolyte of God), Jhil-e-Ellāhi (Shadow of God), Khudā-e-Vandgār (Devotee of God). Ghiyas-ud-din was the 2nd sultan of the Mamluk dynasty which ruled the Delhi Sultanate. He ruled Delhi from 1266AD to 1286AD. During his reign, he appointed a spying agency called "Barid". Amir Khusrau (poet) came to India during the reign of Sultan Ghiyas-ud-din Balban. Later Amir Khusrau become a famous court poet of Ala-ud-din Khalji. Some poems of Amir Khusrau are Kiran-ush-Sadin, Tughlaq Nama etc. Amir Khusrau was also known as the Parrot of India. Ghiyas-ud-din Balban enforced some laws like "Sizada" (penalization), "Paibas" (kissing the throne). Sultan Ghiyas-ud-din Balban created the first military department of the Delhi Sultanate which was called "Dewan-e-Arz".


After the death of Sultan Iltutmish, Rukn-ud-din Firoz had been the ruler of the Delhi Sultanate and after that in the year 1236AD Razia Sultana had become the Sultana of the Delhi Sultanate until she was killed by Ghiyas-ud-din Balban.