Giraffatitan

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Giraffatitan
Temporal range: Late Jurassic, 150–145 Ma
Museum für Naturkunde (36556352434).jpg
Mounted skeleton, Berlin's Natural History Museum
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Clade: Dinosauria
Order: Saurischia
Suborder: Sauropodomorpha
Clade: Sauropoda
Family: Brachiosauridae
Genus: Giraffatitan
Paul, 1988
Type species
Brachiosaurus brancai
(Janensch, 1914[1])
Synonyms
  • Brachiosaurus fraasi
    Janensch, 1914[1]
  • Brachiosaurus fraasii
    Janensch, 1914 (sic)[1]

Giraffatitan ("giraffe titan") is a genus of sauropod dinosaurs which lived during the Upper Jurassic, about 140 million years ago.[2] It was related to Brachiosaurus, and was one of the largest animals known to have walked the earth.

Giraffatitans were about 23-metre (75 ft) long and weighed about 40 tonnes (88,000 lb). They had very long necks and were well adapted for feeding on the tall conifers which were the main trees in the Jurassic forests. They lived in what is now Tanzania.[3]

It was first named as an African species of Brachiosaurus (B. brancai) in 1914.[1] In 1991, George Olshevsky said there were enough differences to make its own genus, creating Giraffatitan.[4]

References[change | change source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 Janensch W. 1914. Übersicht über der Wirbeltierfauna der Tendaguru-Schichten nebst einer kurzen Charakterisierung der neu aufgeführten Arten von Sauropoden. Archiv für Biontologie, 3 (1): 81–110.
  2. Potter, Christopher 2010. You are here: a portable history of the universe. HarperCollins. p. 26. ISBN 0061137871.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  3. Paul, Gregory S. 2010. The Princeton field guide to dinosaurs. Princeton University Press. ISBN 069113720X.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  4. Glut D.F. 1997. Dinosaurs: the encyclopedia. "Brachiosaurus". McFarland. p. 218. ISBN 0-89950-917-7.  Missing or empty |title= (help)