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Chemical structure of cortisol (hydrocortisone)

Glucocorticoids (GCs) are steroid hormones made in our adrenal glands. They bind to cell receptors.[1] Glucocorticoids regulate glucose metabolism.

GCs are part of the feedback system for the immune system. They do things like reducing inflammation. They stimulate the creation of glucose from non-carbohydrate carbons, such as proteins.

They are important in foetal development, promoting the maturing of the lungs, and are essential for brain development.

References[change | change source]

  1. Pelt AC (2011). Glucocorticoids: effects, action mechanisms, and therapeutic uses. Hauppauge, N.Y.: Nova Science. ISBN 978-1617287589.