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Computer software
Telecoms equipment
FoundedMenlo Park, California
(September 4, 1998 (1998-09-04))[1][2]
FounderSergey Brin, Larry Page
DefunctJanuary 3, 2020 (2020-01-03)
Mountain View, Mountain View, California, U.S.[3]
Area served
Key people
Sundar Pichai (CEO)
Larry Page (Co-founder)
Sergey Brin (Co-founder)
ProductsSee list of Google products
RevenueIncrease US$ 59.82 billion (2013)[4]
Number of employees
118,899 (2019)
ParentAlphabet Inc.
SubsidiariesAdMob, DoubleClick, On2 Technologies, Picnik, YouTube, Zagat, Waze, Blogger, SlickLogin, Boston Dynamics, Bump, DeepMind, WIMM One, VirusTotal, X, Motorola Mobility,, Google Store, Keyhole, Inc, Google China, ITA Software, ImageAmerica, Kaltix, FeedBurner, Google Nest, Neotonic Software, PeakStream, Postini, Google Affiliate Network, dMarc Broadcasting, G Suite, Google Cloud Platform, GV, Endoxon, Google Energy, BufferBox, Google (Switzerland), Google (Ireland), Google Canada, Google Voice, Waymo, Google Nest, Google Ads, Urchin Software Corporation
Footnotes / references

Google is a multinational corporation from the United States of America. It is known for creating and running one of the largest search engines on the World Wide Web (WWW). Every day more than a billion people use it. Google's headquarters (known as the "Googleplex") is in Mountain View, California, part of the Silicon Valley. The current motto of Google is "Do the right thing".

Ever since the 2 September 2015, Google is owned by a new holding company called Alphabet Inc, which has taken over some of Google's other projects, such as its driverless cars. It is a public company that trades on the NASDAQ under the tickers GOOG and GOOGL.

Google's search engine can find pictures, videos, news, Usenet newsgroups, and things to buy online. By June 2004, Google had 4.28 billion web pages on its database, 880 million pictures and 845 million Usenet messages — six billion things.[source?] Google's American website has an Alexa rank of 1, meaning it is the most widely visited website in the world. It is so widely known that people sometimes use the word "google" as a verb that means "to search for something on Google"; but because more than half of people on the web use it, "google" has been used to mean "to search the web".

History[change | change source]

Larry Page and Sergey Brin, two students at Stanford University, USA, started BackRub in early 1996. They made it into a company, Google Inc., on September 7, 1998 at a friend's garage in Menlo Park, California. In February 1999, the company moved to 165 University Ave., Palo Alto, California, and then moved to another place called the Googleplex.[6][7]

In September 2001, Google's rating system (PageRank, for saying which information is more helpful) got a U.S. Patent. The patent was to Stanford University, with Lawrence (Larry) Page as the inventor (the person who first had the idea).

Google makes a percentage of its money through America Online and InterActiveCorp. It has a special group known as the Partner Solutions Organization (PSO) which helps make contracts, helps making accounts better, and gives engineering help.

How Google makes money[change | change source]

Google makes money by advertising. People or companies who want people to buy their product, service, or ideas give Google money, and Google shows an advertisement to people Google thinks will click on the advertisement. Google only gets money when people click on the link, so it tries to know as much about people as possible to only show the advertisement to the "right people". It does this with Google Analytics, which sends data back to Google whenever someone visits a web site. From this and other data, Google makes a profile about the person, and then uses this profile to figure out which advertisements to show.

The name "Google"[change | change source]

The name "Google" is a misspelling of the word googol.[8][9] Milton Sirotta, nephew of U.S. mathematician Edward Kasner, made this word in 1938, for the number 1 followed by one hundred zeroes (10100). It is said that the word "googol" was chosen as a name for this number because it sounded like baby talk.[source?] Google uses this word because the company wants to make lots of stuff on the Web easy to find and use. Andy Bechtolsheim thought of the name.

The name for Google's main office, the "Googleplex," is a play on a different, even bigger number, the "googolplex", which is 1 followed by one googol of zeroes 1010100

Google's products[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

  1. "Company". Google. Retrieved August 31, 2011.
  2. Claburn, Thomas. "Google Founded By Sergey Brin, Larry Page... And Hubert Chang?!?". InformationWeek. Retrieved August 31, 2011.
  3. "Locations - Google Jobs". Retrieved 2013-09-27.
  4. "Google Inc, Form 10-K, Annual Report, Filing Date Jan 29, 2013". Retrieved Mar 8, 2013.
  5. "Form 10-K". Washington, D.C.: U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission. 2010. Part II, Item 6. Retrieved June 29, 2011.
  6. Brin, Sergey; Page, Lawrence (1998). "The anatomy of a large-scale hypertextual Web search engine" (PDF). Computer Networks and ISDN Systems. 30 (1–7): 107–117. CiteSeerX doi:10.1016/S0169-7552(98)00110-X.
  7. Barroso, L.A.; Dean, J.; Holzle, U. (April 29, 2003). "Web search for a planet: the google cluster architecture". IEEE Micro. 23 (2): 22–28. doi:10.1109/mm.2003.1196112. We believe that the best price/performance tradeoff for our applications comes from fashioning a reliable computing infrastructure from clusters of unreliable commodity PCs.
  8. Koller, David. "Origin of the name, "Google." Stanford University. January, 2004.
  9. "Google revolution", How it Works, Imagine Publishing (37), pp. 40–43, 2012-08-09
  11. "Google Play". Retrieved 2018-11-23.

Other websites[change | change source]