|• Lord Mayor||Dr Oliver Junk (CDU)|
|• Total||163.71 km2 (63.21 sq mi)|
|Elevation||255 m (837 ft)|
|• Density||310/km2 (800/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)|
|Postal codes||38640, 38642, 38644|
|Dialling codes||05321, 05325|
|UNESCO World Heritage Site|
View to the North with the Hildesheim downs in the background. Photograph taken from the Maltermeister Tower
|Part of||Mines of Rammelsberg, Historic Town of Goslar and Upper Harz Water Management System|
|Criteria||Cultural: i, iv|
|Inscription||1992 (16th Session)|
|Buffer zone||376.1 ha|
History[change | change source]
The German Emperor Henry I founded Goslar in 922. In the 11th century Goslar became seat of a Pfalz, a temporary seat of the Emperor. In 1253 Goslar became a Free City (that means without being ruled a Duke) in the Holy Roman Empire and joined the Hanseatic League.
Henry 4th a Holy Roman Emperor came from Goslar.
In the Thirty-year War Goslar belonged to the loyalists of the Emperor, although its territory belonged to a Protestant region. The Swedish King Gustav II Adolph punished Goslar for supporting the imperial forces. After 1642 Goslar came under the rule of the Welfs.
In the 19th century Goslar lost its economic base. Now it lives mainly on tourism.
References[change | change source]
- Bayreuther is OB in Goslar - Frankenpost - 13.11.2011 p2
- Electionresult 2011 in Goslar Archived 2012-04-02 at the Wayback Machine.
- Landesbetrieb für Statistik und Kommunikationstechnologie Niedersachsen, 102 Bevölkerung - Basis Zensus 2011, Stand 31. Dezember 2015 (Tabelle K1020014)
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Goslar.|