This article is about a World Heritage Site

Goslar

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Goslar
Гослар9.jpg
Coat of arms of Goslar
Coat of arms
Goslar is located in Germany
Goslar
Goslar
Location of Goslar within Goslar district
Goslar in GS.svg
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CountryGermany
StateLower Saxony
DistrictGoslar
Government
 • Lord MayorDr Oliver Junk[1][2] (CDU)
Area
 • Total163.71 km2 (63.21 sq mi)
Elevation255 m (837 ft)
Population (2015-12-31)[3]
 • Total50,782
 • Density310/km2 (800/sq mi)
Time zoneCET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes38640, 38642, 38644
Dialling codes05321, 05325
Vehicle registrationGS
Websitewww.goslar.de
Goslar
UNESCO World Heritage Site
GoslarMaltermeister.jpg
View to the North with the Hildesheim downs in the background. Photograph taken from the Maltermeister Tower
Part ofMines of Rammelsberg, Historic Town of Goslar and Upper Harz Water Management System
CriteriaCultural: i, iv
Reference623-001
Inscription1992 (16th Session)
Extensions2010
Area363.3 ha
Buffer zone376.1 ha

Goslar is a historic city in Germany. It has about 43,000 inhabitants.

History[change | change source]

Goslar.jpg

The German Emperor Henry I founded Goslar in 922. In the 11th century Goslar became seat of a Pfalz, a temporary seat of the Emperor. In 1253 Goslar became a Free City (that means without being ruled a Duke) in the Holy Roman Empire and joined the Hanseatic League.

Henry 4th a Holy Roman Emperor came from Goslar.

In the Thirty-year War Goslar belonged to the loyalists of the Emperor, although its territory belonged to a Protestant region. The Swedish King Gustav II Adolph punished Goslar for supporting the imperial forces. After 1642 Goslar came under the rule of the Welfs.

In 1803 Goslar lost its status as a Free City and belonged to Prussia. Napoleon made Goslar a part of the Kingdom of Westphalia. After the Napoleonic Wars it became part of the Kingdom of Hanover.

In the 19th century Goslar lost its economic base. Now it lives mainly on tourism.

References[change | change source]