This article is about a World Heritage Site

Goslar

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Goslar
Гослар9.jpg
Coat of arms of Goslar
Coat of arms
Goslar   is located in Germany
Goslar
Goslar
Location of Goslar within Goslar district
Goslar in GS.svg
Coordinates: 51°54′26″N 10°25′48″E / 51.90722°N 10.43000°E / 51.90722; 10.43000Coordinates: 51°54′26″N 10°25′48″E / 51.90722°N 10.43000°E / 51.90722; 10.43000
Country Germany
State Lower Saxony
District Goslar
Government
 • Lord Mayor Dr Oliver Junk[1][2] (CDU)
Area
 • Total 163.71 km2 (63.21 sq mi)
Elevation 255 m (837 ft)
Population (2015-12-31)[3]
 • Total 50,782
 • Density 310/km2 (800/sq mi)
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes 38640, 38642, 38644
Dialling codes 05321, 05325
Vehicle registration GS
Website www.goslar.de
Goslar
UNESCO World Heritage Site
GoslarMaltermeister.jpg
View to the North with the Hildesheim downs in the background. Photograph taken from the Maltermeister Tower
Part of Mines of Rammelsberg, Historic Town of Goslar and Upper Harz Water Management System
Criteria Cultural: i, iv
Reference 623-001
Inscription 1992 (16th Session)
Extensions 2010
Area 363.3 ha
Buffer zone 376.1 ha

Goslar is a historic city in Germany. It has about 43,000 inhabitants.

History[change | change source]

Goslar.jpg

The German Emperor Henry I founded Goslar in 922. In the 11th century Goslar became seat of a Pfalz, a temporary seat of the Emperor. In 1253 Goslar became a Free City (that means without being ruled a Duke) in the Holy Roman Empire and joined the Hanseatic League.

Henry 4th a Holy Roman Emperor came from Goslar.

In the Thirty-year War Goslar belonged to the loyalists of the Emperor, although its territory belonged to a Protestant region. The Swedish King Gustav II Adolph punished Goslar for supporting the imperial forces. After 1642 Goslar came under the rule of the Welfs.

In 1803 Goslar lost its status as a Free City and belonged to Prussia. Napoleon made Goslar a part of the Kingdom of Westphalia. After the Napoleonic Wars it became part of the Kingdom of Hanover.

In the 19th century Goslar lost its economic base. Now it lives mainly on tourism.

References[change | change source]