Governor General of Canada
|Governor-General of Canada|
|Style||Her Excellency The Right Honourable|
|Residence||Rideau Hall, Ottawa;|
La Citadelle, Quebec City
|Appointer||Monarch of Canada at the advice of the Prime Minister of Canada|
|Term length||At Her Majesty's pleasure|
|Formation||1 July 1867|
|First holder||The Viscount Monck|
The Governor General is technically chosen by the Queen and is allowed to use almost all of the Queen's powers. But most of the time neither the Queen nor the Governor General use their powers without advice from the Prime Minister of Canada.
- The Queen would normally always choose whoever the Prime Minister wants them to choose to become Governor General.
- The Governor General usually uses his/her powers for what the Prime Minister advices him/her to do.
Once in a while the Prime Minister may want something done that the Governor General is not allowed to do on her own. The Prime Minister must then go straight to the Queen, for example for the appointment of 4 or 8 extra Senators to Parliament.
Official Title[change | change source]
As Canada has two official federal languages, the Governor General's title is in both English and French.
The Governor General's style and title in full is, in English: Her Excellency The Right Honourable Julie Payette, Chancellor and Principal Companion of the Order of Canada, Chancellor and Commander of the Order of Military Merit, Chancellor and Commander of the Order of Merit of the Police Forces, Governor General and Commander-in-Chief in and over Canada, and in French: Son Excellence la très honorable Julie Payette, chancelière et compagne principale de l'ordre du Canada, chancelière et commandeuse de l'ordre du mérite militaire, chancelière et commandeuse de l'ordre du mérite des forces de police, gouverneure générale et commandant en chef du Canada
Living former governors-general of Canada[change | change source]
|Name||Term of office||Date of birth|
|Edward Schreyer||1979–1984||21 December 1935|
|Adrienne Clarkson||1999–2005||10 February 1939|
|Michaëlle Jean||2005–2010||6 September 1957|
|David Johnston||2010–2017||28 June 1941|
|Julie Payette||2017–2021||20 October 1963|