Grant's gazelle

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Grant's gazelle
Ngorongoro Grant-Gazelle.jpg
Conservation status
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Artiodactyla
Family: Bovidae
Subfamily: Antilopinae
Genus: Nanger
Binomial name
Nanger granti
(Brooke, 1872) [2]

The Grant's gazelle (Nanger granti) is a species of gazelle. It lives in many parts of East Africa.[3] Its Swahili name is Swala Granti.[4] It is named after explorer James A. Grant.[5]

Description[change | change source]

The Grant's gazelle stands 75–95 cm (30–37 in) tall. The females weigh between 35 and 50 kg (77 and 110 lb) and males weigh between 50 and 80 kg (110 and 180 lb).[4] Its coat is a beige orange on the back with a white belly. The Grant's gazelle looks similar to a Thomson's gazelle, except for some distinguishing features, such as a different horn shape. Grant's gazelles are very fast.

Grant's gazelles at green grassland
Grant's gazelles at dry brushland

The Grant's gazelle is found in East Africa. It lives in open grass plains and shrublands. They are well adapted to dry areas.[3] They get most of their water by eating plants.[6]

Predators[change | change source]

The most common predators of the Grant's gazelle are cheetahs[7] and wild dogs. Humans also hunt gazelles. Jackals are predators of fawns.

Status[change | change source]

The Grant’s gazelle is still a common species, but its population is going down.[1] Estimates of the population range from 140,000 to 350,000. It is threatened by habitat destruction and hunting. It is protected in national parks and reserves in Tanzania and Kenya.

References[change | change source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 IUCN SSC Antelope Specialist Group 2008. Nanger granti. In: IUCN 2011. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2011.1
  2. Nanger granti, MSW3
  3. 3.0 3.1 Peter Arctander et al. (1996). "Extreme genetic differences among populations of Gazella granti, Grant’s gazelle, in Kenya". Heredity 76 (5). http://www.nature.com/hdy/journal/v76/n5/pdf/6888040a.pdf. Retrieved 2008-06-19.
  4. 4.0 4.1 Grant's Gazelle, Out of Africa
  5. Margot Freeman. "Names of African Gazelles". Demand Media/WHALEROCK DIGITAL MEDIA, LLC. Retrieved 24 July 2015. 
  6. Western, D., 1975. Water availability and its influence on the structure and dynamics of a savannah large mammal community. East African Wildlife Journal, vol.13, pp.265-286.
  7. M. W. Hayward et al. (2006). "Prey preferences of the cheetah (Acinonyx jubatus) (Felidae: Carnivora): morphological limitations or the need to capture rapidly consumable prey before kleptoparasites arrive?". Journal of Zoology 270 (4): 615–627. doi:10.1111/j.1469-7998.2006.00184.x. http://www.blackwell.synergy.com/doi/full/10.1111/j.1469-7998.2006.00184.x. Retrieved 2008-06-19.