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Great spotted kiwi

From Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Great spotted kiwi
Scientific classification Edit this classification
Domain: Eukaryota
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Infraclass: Palaeognathae
Order: Apterygiformes
Family: Apterygidae
Genus: Apteryx
A. haasti
Binomial name
Apteryx haasti
(Potts, 1872)

The great spotted kiwi (Apteryx haastii) is a species of kiwi. This bird does not fly. It runs on the ground.[2]

Appearance[change | change source]

This bird has gray-brown feathers with white bands. Its bill, or beak, is long and pale in color. Its legs and toes are short and dark. Sometimes young great spotted kiwi look like adult little spotted kiwi.[2]

Habitat[change | change source]

This bird lives in forests, scrublands, and hilly grasslands up to just below the Alpine zone. This bird lives in three places: Nelson and North Westland, the Paparoa Mountains, and the Southern Alps. In 2012, there were about 15,000 great spotted kiwis alive.[2]

There used to be many more great spotted kiwi, but human beings brought dogs and stoats, which killed many.[2]

Food[change | change source]

Great spotted kiwi hide during the day in a burrow, crack in rock crevice, or hollow tree. They look for food at night. They walk on the ground and tap it with their beaks. They use their beaks to catch earthworms, beetle larvae, and other animals without spines in the leaf litter and underground. They live in pairs. Adult kiwi will fight other kiwi over good places to look for food. [2]

Breeding[change | change source]

The kiwis make a nest in a hollow log, crack in a rock or space dug out of the ground. The male and female kiwi both sit on the egg.[2]

References[change | change source]

  1. BirdLife International (2016). "Great Spotted Kiwi: Apteryx haastii". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2016. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species: e.T22678132A92756666. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2016-3.RLTS.T22678132A92756666.en. Retrieved August 27, 2021.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 "Great spotted kiwi". New Zealand Birds Online. Retrieved August 27, 2021.