Greek mathematics

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Detail of Pythagoras with a tablet of ratios, from The School of Athens by Raphael. Vatican Palace, Rome, 1509.

Greek mathematics is to mathematics ideas and theories from the Archaic period through the Hellenistic and Roman periods, mostly started from the 7th century BC to the 4th century AD, around the Eastern Mediterranean. Greek mathematicians lived in cities over the entire Eastern Mediterranean from Italy to North Africa, sharing Greek culture and the Greek language. The word "mathematics" itself derives from the Ancient Greek: μάθημα, romanized: máthēma Attic Greek[má.tʰɛː.ma] Koine Greek: [ˈma.θ], meaning "subject of instruction".[1][2][3][4]

References[change | change source]

  1. Heath (1931). "A Manual of Greek Mathematics". Nature. 128 (3235): 5. Bibcode:1931Natur.128..739T. doi:10.1038/128739a0. S2CID 3994109.
  2. Knorr, W. (2000). Mathematics. Greek Thought: A Guide to Classical Knowledge: Harvard University Press. pp. 386–413.
  3. Boyer, C.B. (1991), A History of Mathematics (2nd ed.), New York: Wiley, ISBN 0-471-09763-2. p. 48
  4. Schiefsky, Mark (2012-07-20), "The Creation of Second-Order Knowledge in Ancient Greek Science as a Process in the Globalization of Knowledge", The Globalization of Knowledge in History, MPRL – Studies, Berlin: Max-Planck-Gesellschaft zur Förderung der Wissenschaften, ISBN 978-3-945561-23-2, retrieved 2021-03-27