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Gurjar children, in Afghanistan

Gurjar or Gujjar (also translitterated as Gujar , Gurjara and Gujjer ) are an ethnic nomadic, agricultural and pastoral group of Jammu and Kashmir India, northern and central Pakistan and Afghanistan.

Gurjari language is close to Rajasthani and Marwari. As per historical accounts parts of Rajasthan and Gujarat were known as Gurjar-bhumi or Gurjaratra prior to Mughal period in India[1] Gurjar pratiharas acted as barrier to Arabs for around 300 centuries.[2] However, in later times, circa the 14th century AD onwards, their hold reduced to small principalities.During 15th-16th century there were Gurjar kings in areas of Meerut and Dadri. After this time, they gradually fell into a decline. They became poor nomads and started living in jungles and forests.

Reference[change | change source]

  1. Ramesh Chandra Majumdar; Achut Dattatrya Pusalker, A. K. Majumdar, Dilip Kumar Ghose, Vishvanath Govind Dighe, Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan (1977). The History and Culture of the Indian People: The classical age. Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan. p. 153.{{cite book}}: CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  2. Keay, John (2000). India: A History. Grove Press. pp. 95, 2001. ISBN 978-0-8021-3797-5.