Gustavus Adolphus of Sweden

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Gustav II Adolf
Gustav II of Sweden.jpg
King of Sweden
Reign30 October 1611 – 6 November 1632
Coronation12 October 1617
PredecessorCharles IX
Born9 December 1594
Castle Tre Kronor, Sweden
Died6 November 1632(1632-11-06) (aged 37)
Lützen, Electorate of Saxony
Burial22 June 1634
SpouseMaria Eleonora of Brandenburg
HouseHouse of Vasa
FatherCharles IX
MotherChristina of Holstein-Gottorp

Gustav II Adolf (9 December 1594 – 6 November 1632, O.S.) was the King of Sweden from 1611 to 1632. He is known in English as Gustavus Adolphus.

Life[change | change source]

Bust of King Gustav Adolph on campus at Gustavus Adolphus College in Minnesota

Gustavus Adolphus was born in Stockholm. His parents were Charles IX of Sweden and his second wife, Christina of Holstein-Gottorp. When his father died in October 1611, Gustavus became King of Sweden.

Gustavus married Maria Eleonora of Brandenburg, daughter of John Sigismund, Elector of Brandenburg. Their daughter Christina later became Queen of Sweden.

Gustavus died in the Battle of Lützen in 1632.

Gustavus Adolphus Day[change | change source]

Gustavus Adolphus Day is on 6 November. Every year it is celebrated in Sweden, Estonia and Finland. On this day only, a special pastry is sold that has a chocolate or marzipan medallion of the king.