Gutian people

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The Guti (/ˈɡti/) or Quti, also known by the derived Gutians or Guteans, were a nomadic people of West Asia, around the Zagros Mountains (Modern Iran) during ancient times.

History[change | change source]

Their homeland was known as Gutium (Sumerian: 𒄖𒌅𒌝𒆠,Gu-tu-umki or 𒄖𒋾𒌝𒆠,Gu-ti-umki).[1][2] There has been little scholarly support for theories linking the Turkic names Kutrigur and Utigur to the Gutians.[3][4][5] Widely believed to have spoken an Indo-European (rather than Turkic) language.[6][7] Iranologist W. B. Henning proposed that the Yuezhi were descended from the Guti (Gutians) and a closely associated but little known tribe referred to as the Tukri (Turki), who were native to the Zagros mountains during the mid-3rd millennium BC.[8] Analysing the grammatical structure of the Gutian language, German Assyriologists Benno Landsberger, however, came to the conclusion that the Gutians not only were closely related to Turkic peoples, but most probably even identical.[9]

References[change | change source]

  1. ETCSL. The Sumerian King List Archived 2010-08-30 at the Wayback Machine. Accessed 19 Dec 2010.
  2. ETCSL. The Cursing of Agade Accessed 18 Dec 2010.
  3. Karatay 2003, p. 26.
  4. Zuev 2002, p. 39.
  5. Plinius, Gaius (1996). Naturkunde, Buch VI, Geographie: Asien. Walter de Gruyter. p. 36. ISBN 9783050061849.
  6. Gamkrelidze, T.V.; Ivanov, V.V. (1989). "Первые индоевропейцы на арене истории: прототохары в Передней Азии" [The first Indo-Europeans in history: the proto-Tocharians in Asia Minor]. Journal of Ancient History (1): 14–39.
  7. Gamkrelidze, T.V.; Ivanov, V.V. (2013). "Индоевропейская прародина и расселение индоевропейцев: полвека исследований и обсуждений" [Indo-European homeland and migrations: half a century of studies and discussions]. Journal of Language Relationship. 9: 109–136. doi:10.31826/jlr-2013-090111. S2CID 212688321.
  8. W.B. Henning (1908 - 1967) "THE FIRST INDO-EUROPEANS IN HISTORY", Society and History. Essays in Honour Karl August Wittfogel // Ed. by G.L.Ulmen, Hague-Paris-New York, 1978, pp. 215-230
  9. Landsberger B., 1937, (Acts of the Congress), Basic questions of the early history of the Near East (Grundfragen der Frühgeschichte Vorderasiens), Türkischer Geschichtskongress, Devlet Basımevi, Istanbul, page 73-74. Quote: "Dieses Volk der Gutium oder Kutium, dessen Namen wir nach Streichurig der akkadischen Nisbe als Kut ansetzen können, ist aber, wenn nicht gewichtige Anzeichen truegen, der weitaus alteste in unsere Geschichte eingetretene Stamm, der mit den Tuerken aufs engste verwandt, ja vielleicht identisch ist." (PDF)

Bibliography[change | change source]