HMS Beagle in the Straits of Magellan, pencil sketch circa 1900
|Ordered:||16 February 1817|
|Laid down:||June 1818|
|Launched:||11 May 1820|
|Decommissioned:||1845, transferred to Coastguard|
|Fate:||Sold and broken up 1870|
|Class and type:||Cherokee-class brig-sloop|
|Tons burthen:||235 bm; 242 for second voyage|
|Length:||90.3 ft (27.5 m)|
|Beam:||24.5 ft (7.5 m)|
|Draught:||12.5 ft (3.8 m)|
|Sail plan:||Brig (barque from 1825)|
|Complement:||120 as a ship-of-war, 65 plus 9 supernumeraries on second voyage|
|Armament:||10 guns, reduced to 6 guns for survey voyages|
First voyage (1826–1830)[change | change source]
On 22 May 1826, Beagle left to survey bodies of water in Patagonia and Tierra del Fuego. One of the bodies of water found was named the Beagle Channel after the ship. During the voyage, Captain Pringle Stokes became depressed and shot himself. He died ten days later. Robert FitzRoy became the new captain. Beagle returned to England on 14 October 1830.
Second voyage (1831–1836)[change | change source]
On 27 December 1831, the Beagle began her second voyage.
Captain FitzRoy did not want to have the stress and loneliness that led to the suicide of the first captain. He looked for someone to go on the voyage to keep him company. The person found was Charles Darwin.
Darwin kept a diary of the things he saw and did on this voyage. He rewrote it as the book called Journal and Remarks. The book was published in 1839 as the third volume of the official account of the expedition. It was very popular. It was reprinted many times with different titles. It eventually became known as The Voyage of the Beagle.
Third voyage (1837–1843)[change | change source]
In 1837, Beagle went to survey the coast of Australia. Commander John Clements Wickham was in charge. They started with the western coast between the Swan River (modern Perth, Australia) and the Fitzroy River. They then surveyed both shores of the Bass Strait. In May 1839 they sailed north to survey the shores of the Arafura Sea opposite Timor. This voyage ended in 1843.
Many places around the coast were named on this voyage. Many of the places were named for important people or members of the crew. Wickham named Port Darwin in honour of Charles Darwin. A settlement there became the town of Palmerston in 1869, and was renamed Darwin in 1911.
References[change | change source]
- FitzRoy 1839, pp. 17–18.
- HMS Beagle - Port Cities, London, Royal Museum Greenwich, retrieved 3 February 2013, the story about sailing full-rigged under London Bridge appears on page 332 of William Howitt's 1865 The history of discovery in Australia, Tasmania, and New Zealand, Longman, Green, Longman, Roberts, and Green, London.
- Herbert, Sandra (1999). "An 1830s View from Outside Switzerland: Charles Darwin on the "Beryl Blue" Glaciers of Tierra del Fuego". Eclogae Geologicae Helvetiae. pp. 92: 339–346. Retrieved 22 December 2008.
- Browne & Neve 1989, pp. 4–7
- FitzRoy 1839, p. 638.
- R. B. Freeman (1977). "Darwin Online: Journal of Researches". Bibliographical introduction. Retrieved 6 June 2012.
- "Darwin - Northern Territory - Australia - Travel - smh.com.au". The Sydney Morning Herald. 8 February 2004. Retrieved 22 May 2010.
- Armstrong, Patrick; All Things Darwin: A-I, Greenwood Publishing Group 2007: "Captain Wickham named the Beagle Gulf, and Port Darwin in what is now Australia's Northern Territory (see Darwin, City of)."
Sources and references[change | change source]
- Darwin, Charles; The Voyage of the Beagle, (including FitzRoy's commentary on refitting the Beagle from his account of the voyage), Penguin Books, London, 1989, ISBN 0-14-043268-X. Abridged version of Darwin's Journal and Remarks, with introduction by Janet Browne and Michael Neve.
- King P.P. (1839). FitzRoy, Robert (ed.). Narrative of the surveying voyages of His Majesty's Ships Adventure and Beagle between the years 1826 and 1836, describing their examination of the southern shores of South America, and the Beagle′s circumnavigation of the globe. Proceedings of the first expedition, 1826-30, under the command of Captain P. Parker King R.N. F.R.S. I. London: Henry Colburn.