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Native name:
A picture of the Island Hachijō-fuji and the smaller island of Hachijō-kojima (left) as seen from the Osaka Tunnel, in the year 2018
Hachijō-jima is located in Japan
LocationIzu Islands
Coordinates33°06′34″N 139°47′29″E / 33.10944°N 139.79139°E / 33.10944; 139.79139
ArchipelagoIzu Islands
Area62.52 km2 (24.14 sq mi)
Length14 km (8.7 mi)
Width7.5 km (4.66 mi)
Coastline58.91 km (36.605 mi)
Highest elevation854.3 m (2802.8 ft)
SubprefectureHachijō Subprefecture
Population7522 (March 2018)

Hachijō-jima (八丈島) is a volcanic Japanese island that is in the Philippine Sea and the Pacific Ocean. This island is also part of Tokyo.[1][2][3] Several types of animals live on this island.[4]

Transportation[change | change source]

People go to Hachijō-jima by airplane or by a ferry. In 2010 a pedestrian ferry would leave Tōkyō once every day at 10:30 pm, and then it would get to at Hachijō-jima at 8:50 am the next day. Air travel to Hachijojima Airport takes around 45 minutes from Tōkyō International Airport (Haneda).[5] In the year 2000, there were three metropolitan roads on Hachijō-jima: 215 (formally, 東京都道215号八丈循環線),[6][7] 216 (都道216号神湊八重根港線, 8.3 km),[6][8] and 217 (東京都道217号汐間洞輪沢港線).[6]

Language[change | change source]

The Hachijō language is the most different form of Japanese; it is the only surviving descendant of Eastern Old Japanese.[9] The number of people who speak this language is not known. It is on UNESCO's list of endangered languages,[10] It may be gone by the year 2050.[11]

History[change | change source]

People have lived on this island since 14,000 b.c.e.[12]

References[change | change source]

  1. "Take a trip to Hachijojima and enjoy the island's springtime ocean breeze and nature |TAMASHIMA.tokyo". TAMASHIMA.tokyo. Retrieved 2021-04-01.
  2. "The Treasure Islands of Tokyo | Travel". Metropolis Japan. 2021-03-03. Retrieved 2021-03-28.
  3. "Adjacent waters of Hachijo Island | Ecologically or Biologically Significant Marine Areas [MOE]". www.env.go.jp. Retrieved 2021-03-28.
  4. "Wildlife of Hachijojima Island|Natural parks in Tokyo". www.kankyo.metro.tokyo.lg.jp. Retrieved 2021-03-31.
  5. "Hachijo-jima – Floral Paradise". Hiragana Times. Japan. Feb 2010. Archived from the original on 14 April 2017. Retrieved 13 April 2017.
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 平成17年度道路交通センサス 一般交通量調査 休日調査表 Archived 2013-01-24 at the Wayback Machine (PDF), 2000; page 6. Retrieved 16 March 2018.
  7. 八丈島 II Archived 2018-03-16 at the Wayback Machine, Geospatial Information Authority of Japan. Retrieved 16 March 2018.
  8. 再評価結果(平成18年度事業継続箇所 一般都道神湊八重根港線(大 Archived 2013-02-02 at the Wayback Machine (PDF), Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism. Retrieved 16 March 2018.
  9. Shibatani, Masayoshi (1990). The Languages of Japan. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. p. 207. ISBN 978-0-521-36918-3.
  10. "UNESCO Interactive Atlas of the World's Languages in Danger - Hachijō". UNESCO. Archived from the original on 8 March 2018. Retrieved 8 March 2018.
  11. Heinrich, Patrick (2012). The Making of Monolingual Japan: Language Ideology and Japanese Modernity. Bristol: Multilingual Matters. p. 139. ISBN 978-1-84769-659-5.
  12. "History of Hachijojima Island|Natural parks in Tokyo". www.kankyo.metro.tokyo.lg.jp. Retrieved 2021-03-31.

Other websites[change | change source]