Hannah Arendt (14 October 1906 - 4th December 1975) was a German-born political philosopher. She was jewish, and emigrated to the United States in the 1930s. She was also active as journalist and university professor. She didn't like to be called philosopher, and also didn't like the term political philosophy. In 1959, she was the first woman to teach at Priceton University. Between 1963 and 1967 she taught at University of Chicacgo, and from 1975 at The New School, in New York. In 1958, Karl Jaspers was awarded the Friedenspreis des Deutschen Buchhandels, and Arendt was to give the Laudatio, which she refused at first. She was good friends with Jaspers, and Martin Heidegger. Only after Jaspers insisted, did she give the speech.